Abbreviations used in Scandinavian Studies in Law, Volumes 1-44

Short forms for references used in footnotes have been excluded.

[ symbols | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y | Z ]

§ Paragraf (Symbol used in order to indicate section, e g in an act or a contract)
§§ Paragrafer (Sections)
© Copyright symbol
A Top
a o and others also et al
A/S Aktieselskab (Limited liability company, Denmark) also AS
AB Aktiebolag (Limited liability company, Sweden) and Aftonbladet (Swedish newspaper)
AB 92 Allmänna Bestämmelser för byggnads-, anläggnings- och installationsentreprenader (General Conditions for building, installation and contract works 1992)
ABA American Bar Association
ABA 99 Allmänna Bestämmelser för leverans av industriella anläggningar (General Conditions for the supply of industrial works 1999)
ABAJ American Bar Association Journal (Chicago)
ABB Asea Brown Boweri (International industrial company)
ABL Aktiebolagslagen (Swedish Act on limited liability companies)
ABM 92 Allmänna Bestämmelser för köp av varor till yrkesmässig byggverksamhet (General Conditions for the purchase of goods for commercial construction activities 1992)
ABS Antilock Braking System
ABT 94 Allmänna Bestämmelser för totalentreprenader avseende byggnads-, anläggnings- och installationsarbeten (General Conditions for complete building, installation and contract works 1994)
AC Appeal Cases, English Law Reports
ACH aliphatic chlorinated hydrocarbons
ACM Association for Computing Machinery (New York)
AcP Archiv für die civilistische Praxis (Tübingen)
ACT Advance Corporation Tax
AD Arbetsdomstolen (Swedish Labour Court) and Arbetsdomstolens domar (Decisions of the Swedish Labour Court) and Arbejdsrettens domme (Decisions of the Danish Labour Court) and Anno Domine (in the year of Our Lord)
ADAGP Société des Auteurs Dans les Arts Graphiques et Plastiques (IPR organisation, Paris)
ADB Automatisk data behandling (Automatic data processing)
ADD Arbetsdomstolens domar (Decisions of the Swedish Labour Court) also AD
ADP Automatic data processing
ADR Alternative dispute resolution
AETR European Agreement Concerning The work of Crews of Vehicles Engaged in International Road Transport
AF Administrativa föreskrifter (Administrative Provisions) and The Federation of Norwegian Professional Associations
AFL Lag om allmän försäkring (Swedish Act on General Insurance)
AfS Arkiv for Sjørett (Journal of Maritime Law, Oslo)
AGB-Gesetz Gesetz zur Regelung des Rechts der Allgemeinen Geschäftsbedingungen 1976 (German Standard Contracts Act)
AGS Avtalsgruppsjukförsäkring (Collectively negotiated group health insurance, Sweden)
AI Artificial Intelligence
AID Automatic Interaction Detector
AIDA Association Internationale du Droits des Assurances (International Association for Insurance Law)
AJCL American Journal of Comparative Law (Berkely, Cal) also Am J also Am JCL
AJIL American Journal of International Law (Washington DC)
AK Andra kammaren (Lower House of the Swedish Parliament, before 1971) and Ankenævnet for forsikring (Insurance Board Denmark)
AKAVA Confederation of Unions for Academic Professionals in Finland
AktG Aktiegesetz (German Act on limited companies)
ALAI Association Literaire et Artistique International (International IPR organisation)
ALI American Law Institute (Philadelphia, Pa)
All ER All England Law Reports
ALR American Law Reports Anotated
Am American
Am J American Journal of Comparative Law (Berkely, Cal) also AJCL also Am JCL
Am JCL American Journal of Comparative Law (Berkely, Cal) also AJCL also Am J
AMA Allmän material- och arbetsbeskrivning (General description of materials and works)
AMBI Arbejdsmarkedsbidrag (Danish company tax)
AMF Arbetsmarknadsförsäkringar (Labour market insurances, Sweden also, until 2001, the name of a special company managed by the labour market organisations.)
AMU Arbetsmarknadsutbildning (labour market training)
AR Domme fra Arbejdsretten (Decisions of the Danish Labour Court)
ARD Dommer og kjennelser fra Arbeidsretten (Decisions of the Norwegian Labour Court)
Ariz L J Arizona Law Review (Tuscon, Arizona)
Ark Arkansas
ARN Allmänna reklamationsnämnden (National Board for Consumer Complaints, Sweden)
ARSP Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie (Bielefeld)
AS Aksjeselskap (Limited liability company, Norway) also A/S
ASÍ Icelandic Federation of Labour
ASIL The American Society of International Law (Washington DC)
ASL Danish Workmens Compensation Act
AST Assurandør-Societetets Samling af domme, kendelser og responsa vedrørende forsikringsforhold (Danish insurance decisions 1914-1969)
ATC Air Traffic Control
Atl Atlantic Reporter (National Reporter System, U S)
Atl 2d Atlantic Reporter (National Reporter System, U S) Second Series
ATPCO Airline Tariff Publishing Company
ATR Australian Tax Reports (supersedes Australasian TaxReports which supersedes Australian & N.Z. Income Tax Reports)
AU Arbetsmarknadsutskottets utlåtande/betänkande/yttrande (Report by the Swedish Parliamentary Standing Committee on labour market matters)
Aufl Auflage (edition)
Austr L J The Australian Law Journal (North Ryde)
AVLK Lag om avtalsvillkor i konsumentförhållanden 1994:1512 (Consumer Contracts Act, Sweden)
AvtL Lag om avtal och andra rättshandlingar på förmögenhetsrättens område 1915:218 (Contracts Act, Sweden)
AW DDR-Aussenwirtschaft
AWB Aussenwirtschaftsdienst des Betriebs-Beraters also AWD
AWD Aussenwirtschaftsdienst des Betriebs-Beraters also AWB
AY avoin yhtiö (Finnish general partnership)
B Top
BA British Airways
BAG Bundesarbeitsgericht (German Labour Court)
BB Betriebs-Berater
BBB before breaking bulk (Shipping term)
BBSA Swedish Act on Responsibility for Electronic Bulletin Boards 1998:112
BC Before Christ
BD Bankforeningens domssamling (Norway)
Bd Band (Volume)
BECTU Broadcasting Entertainment Cinematograph and Theatre Union (UK)
Bet Betænkning (Report of Danish legislative or investigative commission)
BG Bundesgericht (Swiss Supreme Court)
BGB Burgerliches Gesetzbuch (German Civil Code)
BGE Entscheidungen des schweizerischen Bundesgerichts, Amtliche Sammlung (Swiss BG Decisions)
BGH Bundesgerichtshof (German Supreme Court)
BGHZ(bghz) Entscheidungen des Bundesgerichtshofs in Zivilsachen (Official Digest of Decisions of the German Federal Court in Civil Actions) also BGZ
BGZ Entscheidungen des Bundesgerichtshofs in Zivilsachen (Decisions of the German Federal Court in Civil Actions) also BGHZ (bghz)
BHM Icelandic Confederation of Academic Workers
BIMCO Baltic and International Maritime Council
Bing Bingham, English Common Pleas
BKK Building Contracts Committee
Bmcirk Boligministeriets cirkulære (Instruction from the Danish Housing Ministry)
BMW Bayerische Motoren Werke (Bavarian Motor Works)
BONUS Bild Ord Not Upphovsrättslig Samorganisation (Copyright organisation, Sweden)
BoU Bostadsutskottets utlåtande (Report by the Swedish Parliamentary Standing Committee on housing)
BRÅ Brottsförebyggande rådet (The National Council for Crime Prevention, Sweden)
BrB Brottsbalken (the Swedish Criminal Code)
BRF Bemannings- og Rekrutteringsbransjens Forening (Norwegian association of staffing and recruiting services)
BSRB Icelandic Confederation of Workers of the State and Communities
BUL Rev Boston University Law Review
Burr Burrow, English King’s Bench Reports
Bus L J Business Law Journal
BV Besloten Vennootschap (Deutch equivalent to Ltd)
BW Burgerlijk wetboek (Dutch civil law) and Biological weapons
BYIL British Yearbook of International Law
C Top
CA Court of Appeal and Copyright Act
CAB Civil Aeronautics Board (US)
Cah dr eur Cahiers de droit européen
Cal California also Calif
Cal 2d California reports 2d series
Cal Rptr California Reporter
CalApp California Appellate Reports
Calif California also Cal
Can B Rev Canadian Bar Review (Ottawa) also Rev barr can
Can Bus LJ Canadian Business Law Journal (Aurora)
Cass (civ req comm réunie) Cour de Cassation, Chambre civile des Requêtes, commerciale, réunie also Req
CB Common Bench Reports, New Series (England 1856 – 1865)
CBLJ Corporate and Business Law Journal
CBT Central Tax Board
CC Code Civil (French) and Copyright Council
CCA Circuit Court of Appeal
CCP Code of Civil Procedure
CCPA Court of Customs and Patents Appeals
CCPR International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
CDMM Council of Europe, Steering Committee on the Mass Media
CDU Die Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands (German political party)
CEAO Communauté économique de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS))
CECA Communauté Européenne du Charbon et de l’Acier (European Coal and Steel Community)
CEDAW Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women 1979
CEEP European Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation
CEN Capital export neutrality
CERD Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
CESCR International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Cf Confer (compare)
CFA The Committee of Freedom of Association
CFC Controlled Foreign Company
CFDI Cahier de Droit Fiscal International
CFI Cost, Freight, and Insurance and Court of First Instance
Ch Chancery Division, English Law Reports and Chapter
CIF Cost, Insurance and Freight
CIN Capital import neutrality
CIP Freight Carriage and Insurance Paid
CISG UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
cit cited as
CLB Copyright License Board
CLC Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage
CLJ Cambridge Law Journal
CLRC Criminal Law Revision Committee
CLS Critical Legal Studies
Clunet Revue générale de droit international public / Journal du droit international fondé par Eduoard Clunet
CMI Comité Maritime International (Antwerpen)
CML Rev Common Market Law Review
CMLR Common Market Law Reports
CMP Capacity Management Programme
CMR Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
CNN Cable News Network
CNTA Comptoir National Technique Agricole
Co Company
CO Convention Council of Europe Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Resulting from Activities Dangerous to the Environment 1993 (The Lugano Convention)
COFACE Confederation of Family Organizations in the EC
COM Commission
Comp L Comparative Law
Conn L Rev Connecticut Law Review (West Hartford, Connecticut)
CP Swedish Code on Parenthood also FB
Cp Compare (Cf)
CPA Finnish Consumer Protection Act 38/78
CPJI Cour permanente de justice internationale (Permanent Court of International Justice 1921-1946, replaced by ICJ)
CPUSA Communist Party, USA
CRS Computerized reservation system
CSU Christlich-Sozialen Union (Geman political party)
CT Combined transport
CTB Comprehensive Test Ban (for nuclear weapons)
CTBT Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
CW Chemical weapons
CWC Convention on Chemical Weapons
D Top
D Dalloz, Receuil périodique et critique de jurisprudence, de législation et de doctrine
D kr Danish kroner (currency) also DEK also DKK
DA Dansk Arbejdsgiverforening (Danish employers’ confederation)
DavtL Aftalelov 1986 (Contracts Act, Denmark)
DB Dom i brottmål (Criminal judgement)
DBS Direct broadcasting satellites
DC District of Columbia (US)
DCMA Digital Millennium Copyright Act (US) also DMCA
DDR Deutsche Demokratische Republik
De Denmark
DEK Danish kroner (currency) also DKK also D kr
DEM German marks (currency) also DM
DFAL Lag 1986 om forsiktingsaftaler (Insurance Contracts Act, Denmark)
DG Directorate General
DGV Directorate General V (Employment, Industrial Relations & Social Affairs)
DI Dansk Industri (Confederation of Danish Industries) and Datainspektionen (The Swedish Data Inspection Board)
Die AG Die Aktiengesellschaft (Cologne, Germany)
Dig Digesta
Dir Direktiv (Terms of reference)
DJØF Danmarks Jurist- og Økonomforbund (The Association of Danish Lawyers and Economists)
DKK Danish kroner (currency) also DEK also D kr
DL Christian den Femtis Danske Lov (Danish law)
DLR Dominion Law Reports (Canadian case summaries)
DM West-German marks (currency) also DEM
DMCA Digital Millennium Copyright Act also DCMA
DN Dagens Nyheter (Swedish newspaper)
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid
DNB Den norske Bank
Doc Sorteringsdokument (Document to the Norwegian Parliament)
Doctr Doctrine
DOT Department of Transportation (US)
DRC Dokumentations- og rådgivningscenteret om racediskrimination (Documentation and Advisory Centre on Race Discrimination, Denmark)
Ds Departementsserien (Official report series of the Ministries, Sweden)
DsA Departementsserien. Arbetsmarknadsdepartementet (Official report series of the Swedish Labour Market Ministry)
DsB Departementsserien. Budgetdepartementet (Official report series of the Swedish Ministry of Budget) also DsBo
DsBo Departementsserien. Budgetdepartementet (Official report series of the Swedish Ministry of Budget) also DsB
DsF De samvirkende fagforbund (Association of co-operating unions, Denmark)
DsFi Departementsserien. Finansdepartementet (Official report series of the Swedish Ministry of Finance)
DsIn Departementsserien Industridepartementet (Official report series of the Swedish Ministry of Industry)
DsJu Departementsserien. Justitiedepartementet (Official report series of the Swedish Ministry of Justice)
DT Dom i tvistemål (Civil law judgement)
DV Domstolsverket (National Courts Administration, Sweden)
E Top
e g exempli gratia (for example)
EAC East African Community
EAKÜ Eesti Autorikaitse Ühing (The Estonian Authors Protection Association)
EAL Lov om erstatningsansvar (Danish Act on Liability and Compensation)
EAÜ Eesti Autorite Ühing, (Estonian Authors Association)
EC European Community
EC/EU European Community/European Union
ECAFE United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East
ECAS European Citizen Action Service
ECE Economic Commission for Europe
ECHR European Court of Human Rights and Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms also EcoHR
ECJ European Court of Justice and Extended collective license
ECLA United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America
ECOFIN Conseil des ministres de l’Économie et des Finances
ECoHR Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms also ECHR
ECOSOC United Nations Economic and Social Council
ECR European Court Reporter
ECSC European Coal and Steel Community
ECU European Currency Unit
ed editor, edition, edited also edt
EDCA Lag om ersättning för miljöskador 737/94 (Finnish Environmental Damage Compensation Act)
EDNY Eastern District of New York (US district Court)
eds editors
edt editor, edition, edited also ed
EEA European Economic Area and European Economic Agreement
EEC European Economic Community
EEC OJ Official Journal of the European Communities (L-series, C-series and S-series) also EGT also OJ also OJEC
EECT European Economic Community Treaty
EEIGs European Economic Interest Groupings
EES European Economic Space
EF Europeiske Felleskap (EU)
EFTA European Free Trade Association
EG Europeiska gemenskapen (EU)
EGBGB Einführungsgesetz zum Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch
EGT Europeiska Gemenskapernas officiella tidning, (Official Journal of the European Communities, L-series, C-series and S-series) also EEC OJ also OJ also OJEC
EHRR European Human Rights Reports (London)
EIPR European Intellectual Property Review (London)
EMLO European Maritime Law Organisation
EMU European Monetary Union
ENDC Eighteen-Nation Disarmament Committee established by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1962
ENEA European Nuclear Energy Agency
Eng Rep English Reports
ENIAC Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer
ENMOD Environmental Modification Convention
ENT LR Entertainment Law Review (London)
Envtl L Environmental Law (Portland, Oregon)
EO ombudsman Equal Opportunity Ombudsman also Jämo (Sweden)
EP European patent
EPA The Swedish Environmental Protection Act 1969 also SEPA
EPC European Patent Convention
EPCA Employment Protection (Consolidation) Act 1978
EPL European Public Law (Hull, UK)
EPO European Patent Office
EPOR European Patent Office Reports
ER English reports
ERTA Elliniki Radiophonia Tiléorassi AE
ERTO Tjänstemannaförbundet för specialbranscher (Finnish union for employees in special bransches)
ESCO Estonian Shipping Company
EST Expressed sequence tags (biotech term)
et al et alii/alia (and other people or things)
et seq et sequentia (and the following, e g sections or lines )
ETA Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (Bask Separatist Movement)
ETAN European Technology Assessment Network
ETS European Treaty Series
ETUC European Trade Union Confederation
ETUI European Trade Union Institute
EU European Union
EuGRZ Europäische Grundrechte-Zeitschrift (Kehl am Rhein)
EuLR European Law Review (London)
EuR Europarecht
EUR European Union Currency Unit
EUROSTAT Statistical Office of the European Commision
EUT European Union Treaty also T-EU
EVL Finnish Business Income Tax Act
Exch Exchequer Reports (England)
F Top
F Federal Reporter (US)
f following page
F 2d Federal Reporter, Second Series (US)
F Supp Federal Supplement (US)
FAA Federal Aviation Administration (US)
FAE Fuel air explosives (weapon term)
FAL Lag om försäkringsavtal 1927:77 (Insurance Contracts Act, Sweden)
FAO United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization
FB Föräldrabalken (Swedish Parental Code) also CP
FD Försäkringsdomstolen (Swedish Supreme Insutance Court reports until 1978)
FDA Food and Drug Administration (US)
FDP Freien Demokratischen Partei (German Liberal Party)
FED Forsikrings- og Erstatlingsretlig Domssamling (Law reports, Denmark)
Fed Cir Federal Circuit
FEFC Far Eastern Freight Conference
ff following pages
FFAL Lag om försäkringsavtal (132/1933) (Insurance Contracts Act, Finland)
FFC Finlands Fackförbunds Centralorganisation (Central Organization of Finnish Trade Unions) also SAK
FFR Försäkringsjuridiska föreningens rättsfallssamling (Insurance Law Cases, Sweden)
FIATA International Federation of Freight Forwarders Association
FIM Finnish marks (currency) also FMK
FJFT Tidskrift utgiven av Juridiska föreningen i Finland (Law Journal, Finland) also JFT
FK Första kammaren (Upper House of the Swedish Parliament, before 1971)
FL Förvaltningsprocesslagen (the Swedish Administration Act)
FMC Finnish Maritime Code (Sjölagen 674/94)
FMK Finnish marks (currency) also FIM
FML Lag om försäkringsmäklare 1989:508 (Insurance Brokers Act, Sweden)
Fn footnote
FO Free Out (Shipping term)
FOB Free On Board (Shipping term) and Folketingets ombudsmands beretning (Danish Ombudsman reports)
FÖD Försäkringsöverdomstolen (Swedish Supreme Insurance Court reports from 1978 and onwards)
FPL Förvaltningsprocesslagen 1971:291 (Swedish Administrative Court Procedure Act)
FRL Försäkringsrörelselag 1982:713 (Insurance Business Act, Sweden)
FSAC Finnish Supreme Administrative Court
F-skatt Swedish Business Tax Certificate
FSN Forsikringsskadenemnda (Insurance Board, Norway)
FSR Foreningen af Statsautoriserede Revisorer (Association of Certified Public Accountants, Denmark)
FT Förvaltningsrättslig tidskrift (Administrative Law Journal) and Försäkringstidningen (Insurance journal) and Folketingstidende (Danish Parliamentary records)
FTF Funktionærernes og Tjenestemændenes Fællesråd (Central Confederation of Salaried Employees, Denmark)
FuR Film und recht (German L J 1957-1985)
FVD Foreningen af vikarbureauer i Danmark (Danish association of temporary work agencies)
G Top
Ga L Rev Georgia Law Review (Athens, Georgia)
GAL Grupos Antiterroristas de Liberación (Spanish anti-terrorist liberation group)
GATS General Agreement on Trade in Services
GATT General Agreement for Tariffs and Trade
Gaz Pal La Gezette du Palais (Paris)
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GDR German Democratic Republik
GDS Global Distribution System
GH Growth hormones
GHT Göteborgs Handels- och Sjöfartstidning (Swedish newspaper)
GmbH Geshällschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (Limited liability company)
GNP Gross National Product
GRUR Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht (German L J)
GRUR Int Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht: Internationaler Teil (German L J)
GSM Global System for Mobile Communications
GTA General Tax Act
GTAR General Tax Act Regulations
Gvt Governmental
GYIL German Yearbook of International Law
H Top
H Højesteret (Danish Supreme Court)
h hour
h c honoris causa (honorary degree)
Hall es Government Bill to Parliament (Finland)
HAO Handelsanställdas organisation (Swedish Commerce Employers’ Association)
Harv Envrt L Rev Harvard Environmental Law Review (Cambridge, Mass)
Harv J on Legis Harvard Law Review (Cambridge, Mass) also HLR
HB Handelsbalken (Generic term Swedish laws on commerce)
HD Högsta domstolen (the Swedish Supreme Court and the Finnish Supreme Court)
HE Finnish Government Bill
HGB Handelsgezetzbuch (German Commercial Code)
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HK Handels- og Kontorfunktionærernes Forbund (Union of Commercial and Clerical Employees, Denmark)
HKD Hong Kong dollars
HL House of Lords
HL Deb House of Lords Debates
HLR The Harvard Law Review (Cambridge, Mass) also Harv L Rev
HMSO Her Majesty’s Stationary Office
Hous Houston
HR House Report
Hrsg Herausgeber (Editor)
HRT Højesteretstidende (Danish Supreme Court Journal)
HSB The National Association of Tenants’ Savings and Building Societies (Sweden)
HSL Hälso- och sjukvårdslag 1982:763 (Swedish Act concerning protection of health)
HSN Convention International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea
HTF Handelns Tjänstemannaförbund (The Salaried Employees’ Union Sweden)
HUGO Human Genome Project
I Top
i a inter alia (among other things)
I Br im Breisgau
IA independent action
IAB Industrial Arbitration Board
IACC International Anti-Corruption Conference
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IAS International Accounting Standards
IASC International Accounting Standards Committee
IATA International Air Transport Association
IBA International Bar Association
IBFD International Bureau of Fiscal Documentation
ICA Icelandic Insurance Contracts Act (No. 20, 1954) and Inter-American Convention on the Law Applicable to International Contracts, 1994
ICANN The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
ICC International Chamber of Commerce
ICERD International Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination 1965
ICI Imperial Chemical Industries Plc
ICJ International Court of Justice (The Hague)
ICLID-89 The III International Conferene on Logica, Informatica, Diritto (Florence 1989)
ICLQ International and Comparative Law Quarterly (London)
ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross
Id Idem (the same)
IFA International Fiscal Association
IFCW International Forum for Child Welfare
IFIM Institutet för Immaterialrätt och Marknadsrätt (The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Commercial Law, Stockholm University)
IFR Instrument flight rules
IFU Institutet för försäkringsutbildning (Swedish institute for education and training in the insurance field)
IGY International Geophysical Year
IHTA Finnish Inheritance Tax Act
IIC International Review of Industrial Property and Copyright Law
IKR Icelandic kronor (currency) also ISK
IKV Internationale Kriminalistische Vereinigung (International Criminalistic Association)
IL Swedish Income Tax Act ( Inkomstskattelag 1999:1229)
ILA International Law Association
ILCS Illinois Compiled Statutes
ILJ The Industrial Law Journal (Oxford) also Ind L J
ILM International Legal Materials (Washington DC)
ILO International Labour Organisation also OIT
ILQ International Law Quarterly (London, continued by ICLQ)
IMCO Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization
IMO International Maritime Organization
INASTI Institut National d´Assurances Sociales pour Travailleurs Indépendants
Incoterms International Commercial Terms
Ind L J The Industrial Law Journal (Oxford) also ILJ
Infra Below
INIKOM United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission
Innst Innstilling (Norwegian Parliamentary Standing Committee report)
Innst O Instilling til Odelstinget (Report to Odelstinget, part of the Norwegian parliament)
Innst S Instilling til Stortinget (Report to Stortinget, the Norwegian parliament)
Int Encycl Comp L International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law (Tubingen)
Int’l Rev L & Econ International Review of Law and Economics (Guildford, England)
INTERGU Internationale Gesellschaft für Urheberrecht (International Copyright Society)
InU Inrikesutskottets utlåtande (Report by the Swedish Parliamentary Standing Committee on matters of the Interior)
IOIR Institutet för offentlig och internationell rätt (The Stockholm Institute of Public and International Law)
IOPC International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage
IOSCO International Organization of Securities Commission
IP Intellectual Property
IPFI International Federation of the Phonographic Industry
IPR Intellectual Property Rights
IPRAX Praxis des Internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts (German L J)
IPRspr Die deutsche Rechtsprechung auf dem Gebiete des internationalen Privatrechts (1926-1934); Sammlung der deutschen Entscheidungen zum internationalen Privatrecht (1945). Beilage der RabelZ (German L J)
IRC United States Internal Revenue Code
IRI Institutet för Rättsinformatik (The Swedish Law and Informatics Research Institute, Stockholm University)
IRO International Refugee Organization
Is L R Israel Law Review (Jerusalem)
ISBN International Standard Book Number
ISD Council Directive 93/22 on Investment Services in the Securities Field
ISK Icelandic kronor (currency) also IKR
ISP Internet Service Provider
ISSN International Standard Serial Number
IT Information Technology
ITP Industrins och handelns tilläggspension (Negotiated pension system for certain groups of employees, Sweden)
ITU International Telecommunications Union
IUI Industriens Utredningsinstitut (The Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Stockholm)
IUT International Union of Tenants
IWL Institute warranties limits
IZRspr Die deutsche Rechtsprechung auf dem Gebiete des interzonalen Rechts. Beilage der RabelZ (German L J)
J Top
J Juristen (Legal Journal, Denmark)
J Contemp L Journal of Contemporary Law (Salt Lake City, Utah)
J L & Econ The Journal of Law and Economics (Chicago) also JLE
J Legal Studies Journal of Legal Studies (Chigaco)
J Pol Econ Journal of Political Economy (Chicago)
JAGJ The Jag Journal: The Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Navy (Washington DC)
JämO Jämställdhetsombudsmannen (The Swedish Equal Opportunities Ombudsman) also EO Ombudsman
JB Jordabalken (The Land Book of the Swedish Code of 1734)
JBL Journal of Business Law
JCP Juris Classeur Périodique, La Semaine Juridique (Paris)
JD Juristens domssamling (Danish Case Report (1936-1958)
JFT Tidskrift utgiven av Juridiska föreningen i Finland (Law Journal, Finland) also JFT
JK Justitiekanslern (The Finnish Chancellor of Justice and The Swedish Chancellor of Justice) and Justitiekanslerns Berättelser (Decisions of the Finnish Justitiekansler) and Justitikanslerns Beslut (Decisions of the Swedish Justitiekansler)
JLE The Journal of Law and Economics (Chicago) also J L & Econ
JLP The Journal of Legal Pluralism (Los Angeles, Cal)
Jnr Uttalelser fra Justisdepartementets lovavdeling (Statements of the Norwegian Ministry of Justice, Law Department)
JO Justitieombudsmannen (The Swedish Parliamentary Ombudsman for the Judicary and Civil Administration and The Finnish Parliamentary Ombudsman) and The Finnish Parliamentary Ombudsman’s Reports
Jr Junior
JT Juridisk tidskrift vid Stockholms universitet (Stockholm University Law Review)
JU Juridisk Ugeskrift (Danish L J)
Jur kand Juris kandidat (Swedish law exam, equivalent to Master of laws.)
JuS Juristische Samlung, Zeitschrift für Studium und Ausbildung (München and Frankfurt am Main)
JV Jussens Venner (L J Norway)
JW Juristische Wochenschrift (German L J)
JWTL Journal of World Trade Law
JZ Juristen-Zeitung (Tubingen)
K Top
KB King’s Bench Division. English Law Reports and Finnish Governmental Reports and Kommittébetänkande (Committee report) also Kom bet
Kbh Copenhagen
KFL Konsumentförsäkringslag 1980:38 (Consumer Insurance Act, Sweden)
KG Kammergericht
KHO Korkeimman hallinto-oikeuden vuosikirja (Reports of the Finnish Supreme Administrative Court)
KL Kommunalskattelagen (Swedish Municipal Income Tax Act 1928:370)
KLM Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij (Royal Dutch Airlines)
KM Series of Finnish Governmental Reports
Kom bet Kommittebetänkande (Committee report) also KB
KU Konstitutionsutskottet (Standing Committee on Constitutional Matters of the Swedish Parliament) and Kirke- og undervisningsdepartementet (Ministry of Church and Education, Norway)
Kungl Prop Kunglig proposition (Royal Government Bill, Sweden)
KY kommandiittiyhtiö (Finnish limited partnership)
L Top
l c loco citato (in the place cited) also loc cit
L Ed Lawyer’s Edition, United Stats Supreme Court Reports
L Rev Law Review also L R
L/C Letter of Credit
La L Rev Louisiana Law Review (Baton Rouge, Louisiana)
LAG Landesarbeitsgericht (German Labour Court)
LähdeVL Finnish Act on Taxation of Income and Capital of Persons Subject of Limited Tax Liability
LARD Dommer og kjennelser av lokale arbeidsretter (Decisions of local labour courts, Norway)
LAS Lagen om anställningsskydd 1982:80 (Swedish Act on Employment Protection)
Law & Contemp Probs Law and Contemporary Problems (Durham, North Carolina)
Law & Phil Law and Philosophy. An International Journal for Jurisprudence and Legal Philosophy (Dordrecht)
Ld Reports of the Finnish Diet
LF French Copyright Act
LG Landesgericht (District Court, Germany)
LIFFE London International Financial Futures Exchange
LJ Law Journal
LJ Ch Law Journal Reports – Chancery (England)
LL D Doctor of Laws
Ll L Rep Lloyds List Law Reports (England)
LL M Master of Laws
Lloyd’s Rep Lloyd’s Law Reports (England)
LNTS League of Nations Treaty Series
LO Landsorganisationen Danmark (The Danish Confederation of Trade Unions) and Landsorganisationen i Norge (The Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions) and Landsorganisationen i Sverige (the Swedish Trade Union Confederation)
loc cit loco citato (in the place cited)
LoR Lov og Rett (L J, Norway)
LQR Law Quarterly Review (London)
LR Law Review also L Rev
LR 2 CP English Law Reports, Common Pleas Cases 1865-75 Vol no 2
LR Ch English Law Reports, Chancery Appeal Cases 1866-1875
LRTAP Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
Ltd Limited
LTR Law Times Reports
LU Lagutskottet (Swedish Parliament Standing Committee on Matters of Law) also used as abbreviation for Report of LU
LvK Law Drafting Commission reports
LVU Lag med särskilda bestämmelser om vård av unga 1990:52 (Swedish Act containing Special Provisions on the Care of Young Persons)
M Top
M & W Meeson & Welsby (a part of English Reports, London)
M fl Med flera, (and others)
m m medflera (etc)
m v med videre (etc)
M/V Motor Vessel
MARPOL Convention on the Prevention of Maritime Pollution from Ships
Mass Mass (Reports)
MBL Medbestämmandelagen 1976:580 (Swedish Act on the Joint Regulation of Working Life)
MC Maritime Code
MD Marknadsdomstolens domar (Decisions of the Swedish Market Court)
Md L Rev Maryland Law Review
MDR Monatschrift fur deutsches Recht (German L J)
Melb U L Rev Melbourne University Law Review (Parkville, Victoria, Australia)
MenetelmäL Finish Act on Elimination of International Double Taxation
MFN most favoured nation
MIA Marine Insurance Act 1906 (England)
Mich L Rev Michigan Law Review (Ann Arbor, Michigan)
Minn L Rev Minnesota Law Review (Minneapolis, Minnesota)
MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology
ML Momslag (Swedish VAT Act)
MLR Modern Law Review (London)
Mo L Rev Missouri Law Review (Columbia, Missouri)
Mot Motion (Private bill)
MP Member of parliament
MRW material remnants of war
MSS Multinational Space Station
MULTIDOC Multimodal Transport Bill of Lading
MvaL Merverdiavgiftslag (Norway)
MVL Act Motor Vehicle Liability Act (Norway)
N Top
n note
N&T Nordström & Thulin (Swedish shipping company)
NAD Norsk arbeidsrettslig domssamling (Norwegian Labour Court Report)
NAF Norsk Arbeidsgiverforening (Norwegian employers confederation)
NÄL Nordiska rådets ämbetsmannakommittén för lagstiftningssamarbete (Nordic Committee of Senior Officials for Legislative Issues)
NAT Nordisk administrativt tidskrift (Scandinavian Administrative Journal)
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NavtL Lov 1918 om avslutning av avtaler, om fuldmagt og om ugyldige viljeserklæringer (Contracts Act, Norway)
NB Nota bene (Take special notice that, note well)
NBC Nuclear, biological, chemical (Weapons)
NBER National Bureau of Economic Research
NCA The Swedish Nature Conservation Act 1964
NCH London based organisation for the support of children (Formerly The National Children’s Home)
ND Nordiske domme i sjøfartsanliggender (Scandinavian maritime law decisions) also NDS
NDA Nya Dagligt Allehanda (Swedish newspaper 1900-1944)
NDS Nordiske domme i søfartsanliggender (Scandinavian maritime law decisions) also ND
NE Northeastern Reporter (National Reporter System, U S)
NE 2d Northeaster Reporter (National Reporter System, U S) Second Series
NEK Norwegian kroner (currency) also NOK
NESS Necessary Element of a Sufficient Set
NewCo New company
NF 92 Norsk fabrikasjonskontrakt (Standard Contract for the Supply of Major Components to the Norwegian Continental Shelf)
NFAL Lov om forsikringsavtaler 1989 (Insurance Contracts Act, Norway) also Lov 1930
NFJFP Norsk Forsikringsjuridisk Forenings Publikasjoner (Publications of the Norwegian Insurance Law Association)
NFT Nordisk försäkringstidskrift (Scandinavian insurance journal)
NGO Non-Governmental Organization
NHO Næringslivets Hovedorganisasjon (Confederation of Norwegian Business and Industry)
NIA Statens nämnd för internationella adoptionsfrågor (Swedish National Board for Intercountry Adoptions)
NIEO United Nations Declaration on a New International Economic Order (1974)
NIR Nordiskt immateriellt rättsskydd (Scandianvian IPR Journal)
NJ Neue Justiz (German law journal) and Skriftserien Ny Juridik (Swedish law journal)
NJA Nytt juridiskt arkiv, avdelning I (Supreme Court reports, Sweden)
NJA II Nytt juridiskt arkiv, avdelning II (Collection of Swedish legislative preparatory works, travaux préparatories)
NJM Nordiska juristmötet (Yearly Congress for Scandinavian lawyers)
NJT Nyt Juridisk Tidsskrift (Danish L J)
NJW Neue Juristische Wochenschrift (German L J Munchen, …)
NL Allmänna leveransbestämmelser för leveranser av maskiner samt annan mekanisk, elektrisk och elektronisk utrustning inom och mellan Danmark, Finland, Norge och Sverige (Scandinavian general conditions for the delivery of mechanical, electrical and electronical products)
NLRB National Labor Relations Board (US)
No Norway
NOK Norwegian kroner (currency) also NEK
Nos Numbers
NOU Norges offentlige utredningar (Official reports series of Norwegian legislative and investigations commissions)
NPO Non Profit Organization
NR Norsk Retstidende (Norwegian L J) also NRt also Rt
nr nummer (number)
NRG Rettens gang also RG
NRt Norsk Retstidende (Norwegian L J) also NR also Rt
NSAB Nordiskt Speditörförbunds Allmänna bestämmelser (Nordic Freight Forwarding Association, General Conditions)
NSB Norges Statsbaner (Norwegian State Railways)
NSF Council of Nordic Trade Unions (NFS)
NSFS Nordiska skattevetenskapliga forskningsrådets skrifter (The Nordic Council for Tax Research, Publication Series)
NTfIR Nordisk Tidskrift for International Ret also NTIR (Scandinavian Journal for International Law
NTfK Nordisk Tidskrift for Kriminalvidenskab (Scandianvian Journal for Criminology)
NTIR Nordisk Tidskrift for International Ret also NtfIR (Scandinavian Journal for International Law)
NU Nordisk utredningsserie (Official reports series of the Nordic Council/Nordic Council of Ministers)
NW North Western Reporter (National Reporter System, U S)
Nw UL Rev Northwestern University Law Review (Chicago)
NY New York Court of Appeals Reports
NY CPLR New York Civil Practice Law and Rules
NY Supp New York Supplement Reports (National Reporter System, U S)
NY UL Rev New York University Law Review
NYFAL Ny försäkringsavtalslag (Ds 1993:39, Sweden)
NYPE 93 New York Produce Exchange form 1993
NZ New Zealand
NZ L J New Zealand Law Journal (Wellington)
NZRL Rev New Zealand Recent Law Review (Auckland)
NZUL Rev New Zealand Universities Law Review (Wellington)
O Top
Ø Østre Landsret (Danish Court of appeal)
OAG Oberappellationsgericht (German Court of appeal) and Official Airline Guide
OAU Organization of African Unity
OAU Convention Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of the Refugee Problems in Africa, adopted by OAU 1969
OCA UNEP Oceans and Coastal Areas Unit
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OGH Brit Zone Oberster Gerichtshof für die britische Zone
Ohio St LJ Ohio State Law Journal (Columbus, Ohio)
OIT Organizacion Internacional del Trabajo also ILO
OJ Official Journal of the European Communities (L-series, C-series and S-series) also EGT also OJEC also EECOJ
OJEC Official Journal of the European Communities (L-series, C-series and S-series) also EGT also OJ also EECOJ
OK Oikeudenkäymiskaari (Finnish Code of Procedure)
ØLD Østre Landsrets Domme (Danish Court Decisions)
OLG Oberlandesgericht (Regional Court of appeal, Germany)
OM Stockholms optionsmarknad OM Fondkommission AB (Stockholm Options Exchange Company)
OMLX London Securities and Derivatives Exchange
ONPTS Office National des Pensions pour Travailleurs Salariés
OOCOA  Owner-occupied co-operative apartment
OOD Owner-occupied dwellings
OOH  Owner-Occupied houses
Op cit opere citato (in the work quoted)
OR Obligationenrecht (Obligation Law)
OSS Open Source Software
Ot forh Odelstingsforhandlinger (Norwegian Parliamentary Protocol)
Ot prp Odelstingsproposisjon (Norwegian Government Bill)
P Top
P English Law Reports, Probate Division
p Page, part
P 2d Pacific reporter 2 d series
P&I Protection and Indemnity
Pa Pennsylvania (Reports)
PAC Political Action Committees (USA)
Pac Pacific Reporter (National Reporter System, U S)
Pac 2d Pacific Reporter (National Reporter System, U S) Second Series
par Paragraph
PAYE Pay as you earn (tax principle)
PAYG Pay as you go (pension system)
PBL Plan- och bygglag 1987:10 (Swedish Planning and Building Act)
PD Probate Division (1875-90)
PECL Principles of European Contract Law
Penant Revue de droit des pays d’Afrique (Formerly Recueil général de jurisprudence, de doctrine et de législation coloniale Paris)
PFL Patients Insurance Act
Ph D Doctor of Philosophy
PIL Private international law
PK Processkommissionen (Swedish legislative committee on procedural law)
PLA Icelandic Products Liability Act 1991 (Lög um skadsemisábyrgd nr. 25/1991)
PLC Public Limited Company
PM Promemorea
PP Partido Popular (Spanish political party)
pp pages
PPWLA Finnish Act on Protection of Privacy in Working Life
PRIO International Peace Research Institute, Oslo
Probs Problems
Prop Proposition (Swedish Government Bill)
PSOE Partido Socialista Obrero Español (Spanish Socialist Party)
PTB Partial Test Ban (for nuclear weapons)
PTBT 1963 Partial Test Ban Treaty
PTK Privattjänstemannakartellen (Swedish Federation of Salaried Employees in Industry and Services)
PTO Patent and Trademark Office
Pty Ltd Proprietary Limited Company (In Australia, New Zeeland and South Africa)
PVBA Limited liability company (Belgium)
PVC polyvinyl chloride
Q Top
QB Queen’s Bench, (English law reports, 1891-)
QBD Queen’s Bench Division (English law reports, 1876-90)
QC Queen’s Counsel
R Top
RA Riksarkivet (The Swedish National Archives)
Regeringsrättens årsbok (Yearbook of the Supreme Admistrative Court, Sweden)
RabelsZ Rabels Zeitschrift fur ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht (Tubingen) also ZAIPR also ZAUSL
RAG Reichsarbeitsgericht (German Supreme Labour Court)
RAGE Entscheidungen des Reichsarbeitsgerichtes (Decisions of RAG)
RB Rättegångsbalken (the Swedish Code of Judicial Procedure)
Rd Asiakirja (documents) Finland’s Parliament
RdA Recht der Arbeit (German Labour Law Journal)
RDC 1965 UN Race Discrimination Convention
Rec Recueil de la Jurisprudence de la Cour de Justice des Communautés Européennes
Recuiel Recueil des cours de l’Académie de droit international de la Haye
RegR Regeringsrätten (the Swedish Supreme Administrative Court)
Rep Reporter
Req Cour de Cassation, Chambre civile des Requêtes, commerciale, réunie also Cass
Restatement Restatement of the Law of Conflic ot Laws, as adopted and promulgated by The American Law Institute at Washington, 1934
Restatement Second Restatement of the Law, Second, Conflict of Laws
RET  Real Estate Tax
Rev barr can La Revue du Barreau Canadien (Ottawa) also Can B Rev
Rev crit Revue critique de droit international privé (French LJ) also Revue also Rev crit d i p
Rev crit d i p Revue critique de droit international privé (French LJ) also Revue also Rev crit
Rev intern dr comp Revue Internationale de Droit Comparé (Paris) also RIDC
Rev trim dr civ Revue trimestrielle de droit civil (French LJ)
Revue Revue critique de droit international privé (French LJ) also Rev crit also Rev crit d i p
RF Regeringsformen (The Constitution Act / The Instrument of Government, Sweden)
RFFS Riksförsäkringsverkets författningssamling (Official Publication of the National Social Insurance Board, Sweden)
RG Rettens gang also NRG also RsG and Reichsgericht
RGA Revue Générale de l’Air
RGAT Revue générale des assurances terrestres (Paris)
RGD Revue générale de droit (Ottawa)
RGZ Entscheidungen des Reichsgerichts in Zivilsachen (Official Digest of Decisions of the Reichsgericht in civil law)
RH Rättsfall från hovrätterna (Case Reports, Swedish Courts of appeal)
RIDA Revue Internationale du Droit d’ Auteur (French LJ)
RIDC Revue Internationale de Droit Comparé (Paris) also Rev intern dr comp
Riv Dir Eur Rivista di Diritto Europeo
RIW/ADW Recht der internationalen Wirtschaft/Aussenwirtschaftsdienst des Betriebs-Beraters
RM Riksadvokatens meddelsesblad (Norway 1945-54) and German Reichsmark
RMC Revue du Marché Commun (Paris)
RP Regeringsproposition (Governmental Bill, Finland)
RPC Reversed phase chromatography (biotech tool)
RPD & TM Cas Reports of Patent, Design and Trade Mark Cases
RPM Resale price maintenance
RsG Rettens gang (Norwegian L J also NRG also RG
RSV Riksskatteverket (Swedish National Tax Board)
RSV/FB Riksskatteverket förhandsbesked (Swedish National Tax Board, advance notice (decision))
Rt Norsk Retstidende (Norwegian L J) also NT also NRt
RTA Icelandic Road Traffic Act 1987 (Umferdarlög nr 50/1987)
S Top
S Sirey, Recueil général des lois et des arrêts (Paris) also Sirey
S Ct Supreme Court Reporter (National Reporter System, U S)
SA Spanish abbreviation for company equivalent of inc
SABO Sveriges allmännyttiga bostadsföretag (Swedish Public Utility Housing Enterprises)
SAC Finnish Supreme Administrative Court
SACO Sveriges akademikers centralorganisation (Central Organization of Swedish University Graduates)
SAF Svenska arbetsgivareföreningen (Swedish Employers’ Confederation)
SAK Finlands Fackförbunds Centralorganisation (Central Organization of Finnish Trade Unions) also FFC
SAP Socialdemokratiska arbetarpartiet (Swedish Social Democratic Workers Party)
SAPO Socialdemokratiska Arbetsplatsorganisationen (Social Democratic Party Work Place Organization)
SARI Samarbetsorganet för rättsväsendets informationssystem (The Joint Committee of the Judicial Information System, Sweden)
SAS Scandinavian Airlines System
SavZ Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung (German L J)
SAX Stockholm Automated Exchange (Stock Exchange system)
SBD The Second Banking Directive 89/646/EEC
Sc St L Scandinavian Studies in Law
SCAB Sparbankernas Central-Aktie-Bank (Finland)
SCB Statistiska Centralbyrån (Statistics, Sweden)
SDR Special Drawing Right (currency)
SE Southeastern Reporter (National Reporter System, U S) and Council Regulation (EC) No 2157/2001 of 8 October 2001 on the Statute for a European Company and Sweden
SE 2d Southeastern Reporter (National Reporter System, U S) Second Series
SEAQ International London Stock Exchange’s International Equity Market
Sec Section
SEK Swedish kronor (currency) also Skr
SEM Sound and efficient financial management
SEPA The Swedish Environmental Protection Act 1969 also EPA
Seuffert Seufferts Archiv für Entscheidungen der obersten Gerichte in den deutschen Staaten
SFS Svensk författningssamling (Official Publication of Swedish Statutes and Ordinanaces)
SfU Socialförsäkringsutskottet (Swedish Parliament’s standing committee on matters of social insurance)
SGA Finnish Sale of Goods Act 355/87 and Norwegian Sale of Goods Act 13 May. No. 27, 1988 and Swedish sale and purchase act 1990:931
SHA Finnish Sale of Housing Act 843/94
SHT Sø- og Handelsrets tidende (Danish)
SiD Specialarbejderforbundet i Danmark (Danish union)
SIF Svenska industritjänstemannaförbundet (the Swedish Association of White-Collar Employees in Industry)
SIL Swedish State Income Tax Act 1947:576 (earlier 1928:373)
SIM Subscriber Identity Module
SIPRI Swedish International Peace Research Institute
Sirey Sirey, Recueil général des lois et des arrêts (Paris) also S
SISL Stockholm Institute for Scandinavian Law
SITC Swedish Income Tax Code
SJ Statens Järnvägar (Swedish railroad company)
SJZ Schweizerisches Juristen-Zeitung
SkFL Skadeförsäkringslag (SOU 1989:88, Sweden)
Skr  Swedish kronor also SEK
SkVN Skadeförsäkringens villkorsnämnd (Insurance board, Sweden)
SLB Strafflagberedningen (Swedish legislative committee on penal law)
SMBA Selskab med begrænset ansvar (Company with limited liability, Denmark)
SMC Scandinavian Maritime Codes and Swedish Maritime Code
SN Skattenytt (Swedish tax law journal) and Svenskt näringsliv (Confederation of Swedish Enterprise)
SNS Studieförbundet näringsliv samhälle (Swedish educational organisation)
So Southern Reporter (National Reporter System, U S)
Sverige överenskommelser med främmande makter (Official publication series of Swedish Agreements with Foreign Powers)
So 2d Southern Reporter (National Reporter System, U S) Second Series
Soc-Dem Social-Demokraten (Swedish Newspaper)
SøHa Sø- og handelsretten (The Maritime and Commercial Court of Copenhagen)
SoL Socialtjänstlag (Swedish Act on Social Services)
SOLAS Convention for the Safety of Human Life at Sea
SOU Statens offentliga utredningar (Official reports series of Swedish legislative and investigations commissions)
SPD Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschland (German Social Democratic Party)
SPUR Svenska Personaluthyrnings- och Rekryteringsförbundet (The Swedish Association of Temporary Work Businesses and Staffing Services)
SR-bank Sparebanken Rogaland
SSG 96 General Contract Terms of the Forest Industries Association for the Supply and Installation of Equipment 1996
SST Svenske skattetidning (Swedish tax law journal)
STC Simon’s Tax Cases (LR England)
St forh Stortingsforhandlinger (Norwegian Parliamentary Protocol)
St prp Stortingsproposisjon (Norwegian Government Bill)
StGB Strafgesetzbuch (German Penal Code)
STK Confederation of Finnish Employers
StrpL Lov om rettergangsmåten i straffesaker (Norwegian Act relating to Legal Procedure in Criminal Cases / The Criminal Procedure Act)
STTK Finnish Confederation of Salaried Employees
SU Skat Udland (Danish tax journal) and Stockholm University
Supra Above
SvD Svenska Dagbladet (Swedish newspaper)
SvJT Svensk juristtidning (Swedish law journal)
SvJT rf Svensk juristtidning rättsfall (SvJT section case reports)
Sw Swedish
SW Southwestern Reporter (National Reporter System, U S)
SW 2d Southwestern Reporter (National Reporter System, U S) Second Series
Swe Sweden
T Top
T Tvistemål (Civil Case)
TAA Trans-Atlantic Agreement
TACA Trans-Atlantic Conference Agreement
TBA Technical Board of Appeal
TCO Tjänstemännens centralorganisation (The Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees)
TDA Icelandic Tort Damages Act 1993 (Skadabótalög nr. 50/1993)
T-EU Treaty on European Union also EUT
Tex L Rev Texas Law Review (St Austin, Texas)
TF Tryckfrihetsförordningen (the Swedish Freedom of the Press Act)
TFA Trygghetsförsäkringen (Social insurance, Sweden)
TfR Tidskrift for Rettsvitenskap (Scandinavian law journal)
TfS Tidskrift for Skatteret (Danish tax law journal 1984-1993)
TIN Taxpayer Identification Number
TLA Swedish Tort Liability Act, 1972
TLR Times Law Reports
TLRC Tax Law Review Committee
TOOD  Taxation of Owner-occupied Dwellings
TPD Technological protection devices
Trib civ Tribunal civil
TRIP Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights
TSA Tidskrift för Sveriges Advokatsamfund (Swedish Bar Association Journal)
TT Työtuomioistuin (Decisions of the Finnish Labour Court) and Confederation of Finnish Industry and Employers and Tidningarnas telegrambyrå (Swedish News Agency)
Tul L Rev Tulane Law Review (New Orleans)
Tul M LJ Tulane Maritime Law Journal
TÜV Technischer Überwachungsverein (Technical Control Board for compulsory inspection of motor vehicles, industrial plants and technical equipment, Germany)
TV Television
TVL Finnish Income Tax Act
TvmL Lov om rettergangsmåten for tvistemål (Norwegian Act relating to judicial procedure in civil cases /The Dispute Act)
TWA Trans World Airlines
U Top
u upplaga (Edition)
U Ugeskrift for Retsvæsen (Danish law reports) also UfR
U Chi L Rev University of Chicago Law Review
U Miami L Rev University of Miami Law Review (Coral Gables, Miami)
U Pa L Rev University of Pennsylvania Law Review (Philadelphia)
U Tas L Rev University of Tasmania Law Review (Hobart, Tasmania, Australia)
U Toron LJ University of Toronto Law Journal also UTLJ
U Toronto Fac L Rev University of Toronto Faculty of Law Review
UB Utsökningsbalken (The book of the Debt Recovery of the Swedish Code)
UCC Uniform Commercial Code and Universal Copyright Convention
UCCLJ Uniform Commercial Code Law Journal
UCDL Rev U C Davis Law Review (Chicago)
UCITS Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferrable Securities
UCLAF Unité de Co-ordination de la Lutte Anti-Fraude
UCP Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits
UDEAC Union douanière et économique de l’Afrique centrale (Economic Customs Union of Central Africa)
Udg Udgåva (edition) also utg
UDRP Uniform dispute resolution process
UEAPME Union Européenne de l’artisanat et des petites et moyennes entreprises (European Association of Craft, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises)
UFITA Archiv für Urheber- Film und Theaterrecht (Swiss IPR Journal)
UfR Ugeskrift for Retsvæsen, Afdelning A (Danish law reports) also U
UfRB Ugeskrift for Retsvæsen, Afdelning B (Danish law review) also UfR
UHÄ Universitets och högskoleämbetet (The National Board for the Universities, Sweden)
UK United Kingdom
UL Rev University Law Review
ULIS Uniform Law on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods of 1964
UMKC L Rev University of Missouri-Kansas City Law Review
UN United Nations
UNCED United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development
UNCITRAL United Nations Commission on International Trade Law
UNCLOS United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea
UNCTAD United Nations Conference for Trade and Development
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation
UNGESAMP United Nations Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Pollution
UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
UNICE Union of Industrial and Employers’ Confederations of Europe
UNIDROIT International Institute for the Unification of Private Law
UNIFEM United Nations Development Fund for Women
UNITAR United Nations Institute for Training and Research
Univ of Cal Davis L R University of California Davis Law Review
UNRIAA UN Reports of International Arbitral Awards
UNRRA United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration
UNSCEAR UN Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation
UNSCOM United Nations Special Commission
UNTS United Nations Treaty Series
URG German Copyright Act
URL Upphovsrättslagen 1960:529 (Swedish Copyright Act)
US United States
USAvR United States (& Canada) Aviation Reports
USCA United States copyright Act
USD US dollars
USDC (SDNY) United States Distric Court: Southern district of New York
USPTO United States Patent and Trademark Office
USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Utg Utgåva (edition) also udg
UtL Utlänningslagen (Swedish Aliens Act)
UTLJ University of Toronto Law Journal also U Toron LJ
UW Ont L Rev University of Western Ontario Law Review (Ontario)
UWG Gesetz gegen den unlauteren Wettbewerb (German Act on Unfair Competition)
V Top
v versus
V Vestre Landsret (Danish Court of appeal)
Va L Rev Virginia Law Review (Charlottesville)
VAAP Soviet all-Union Copyright Agency
Val U L Rev Valparaiso University Law Review (Valparaiso, Indiana)
Van L Rev Vanderbilt Law Review (Nashville, Tennessee)
VAT Value-added tax
VCR video cassette recorder
VersR Versicherungsrecht: Juristische Rundschau fur die Individualversicherung (Karlsruhe)
VL Vestre landsret (Danish Court of appeal)
VLT Vestre landsrets tidende (Danish Court of appeal reports)
Vp Session of the Paliament (Finland)
VPC Värdepapperscentralen (The Swedish Securities Register Centre)
VSÍ Icelandic Confederation of Employers
VTM Flemish TV station
VVG Gesetz über den Versicherungsvertrag 1908 (Germany)
W Top
WA The Swedish Water Act
Warn Die Rechtssprechung des Reichsgerichts auf dem Gebiete des Zivilrechts, Published by O Warneyer also Warneyer
Warneyer Die Rechtssprechung des Reichsgerichts auf dem Gebiete des Zivilrechts, Published by O Warneyer also Warn
WCT World Intellectual Property Copyright Treaty
WEG Gesetz über das Wohnungseigentum und das Dauerwohnrecht (Wohnungseigentumsgesetz) 1951
WEU Western Europe Union
WHO World Health Organization
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization
WLR Weekly Law Reports
WMD Weapons of mass-destruction
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WPPT WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
WSOY Werner Söderström publishing group (Book publisher, Finland)
WTC WIPO Treaty on Copyright
WTO World Trade Organisation
WWI The first world war 1914-1918
WWII The second world war 1939-1945
WWW World Wide Web
Y Top
Yale L J Yale Law Journal (New Haven, Connecticut)
YBILC Yearbook of the International Law Commission
YGL Yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen (Part of the Swedish constitution regulating freedom of expression)
YS Yrkesorganisasjonenes Sentralforbund (Confederation of Vocational Unions, Norway)
Z Top
ZAIPR Rabels Zeitschrift für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht (Tubingen) also RabelsZ also ZAUSL
ZAUSL Zeitschrift für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht (Tübingen) also RabelZ also ZAIPR
ZfdgesH Zeitschrift für das gesamte Handelsrecht (German L J) followed by ZHR
ZfLW Zeitschrift für Luftrecht und Weltraumsrecht (Köln)
ZfRV Zeitschrift für Rechtsvergleichung (Wien)
ZfV Zeitschrift für Verbraucherpolitik (Journal of Consumer Policy)
ZGB Schweizerisches Zivilgesetzbuch (Swiss Civil Code)
ZHR Zeitschrift für das gesamte Handelsrecht und Wirtschaftsrecht (Heidelberg) formerly ZfdgesH
ZIP Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht (German L J)
ZIR Niemeyers Zeitschrift für internationales Rechts
ZPO Zivilprozessordung (German Code of Civil Procedure)
ZRP Zeitschrift fur Rechtspolitik (München)
ZSR Zeitschrift für Schweizerisches Recht (Basel)