Abbreviations used in Scandinavian Studies in Law, Volumes 1-44

Short forms for references used in footnotes have been excluded.

[ symbols | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y | Z ]

§Paragraf (Symbol used in order to indicate section, e g in an act or a contract)
§§Paragrafer (Sections)
©Copyright symbol
a oand others also et al
A/SAktieselskab (Limited liability company, Denmark) also AS
ABAktiebolag (Limited liability company, Sweden) and Aftonbladet (Swedish newspaper)
AB 92Allmänna Bestämmelser för byggnads-, anläggnings- och installationsentreprenader (General Conditions for building, installation and contract works 1992)
ABAAmerican Bar Association
ABA 99Allmänna Bestämmelser för leverans av industriella anläggningar (General Conditions for the supply of industrial works 1999)
ABAJAmerican Bar Association Journal (Chicago)
ABBAsea Brown Boweri (International industrial company)
ABLAktiebolagslagen (Swedish Act on limited liability companies)
ABM 92Allmänna Bestämmelser för köp av varor till yrkesmässig byggverksamhet (General Conditions for the purchase of goods for commercial construction activities 1992)
ABSAntilock Braking System
ABT 94Allmänna Bestämmelser för totalentreprenader avseende byggnads-, anläggnings- och installationsarbeten (General Conditions for complete building, installation and contract works 1994)
ACAppeal Cases, English Law Reports
ACHaliphatic chlorinated hydrocarbons
ACMAssociation for Computing Machinery (New York)
AcPArchiv für die civilistische Praxis (Tübingen)
ACTAdvance Corporation Tax
ADArbetsdomstolen (Swedish Labour Court) and Arbetsdomstolens domar (Decisions of the Swedish Labour Court) and Arbejdsrettens domme (Decisions of the Danish Labour Court) and Anno Domine (in the year of Our Lord)
ADAGPSociété des Auteurs Dans les Arts Graphiques et Plastiques (IPR organisation, Paris)
ADBAutomatisk data behandling (Automatic data processing)
ADDArbetsdomstolens domar (Decisions of the Swedish Labour Court) also AD
ADPAutomatic data processing
ADRAlternative dispute resolution
AETREuropean Agreement Concerning The work of Crews of Vehicles Engaged in International Road Transport
AFAdministrativa föreskrifter (Administrative Provisions) and The Federation of Norwegian Professional Associations
AFLLag om allmän försäkring (Swedish Act on General Insurance)
AfSArkiv for Sjørett (Journal of Maritime Law, Oslo)
AGB-GesetzGesetz zur Regelung des Rechts der Allgemeinen Geschäftsbedingungen 1976 (German Standard Contracts Act)
AGSAvtalsgruppsjukförsäkring (Collectively negotiated group health insurance, Sweden)
AIArtificial Intelligence
AIDAutomatic Interaction Detector
AIDAAssociation Internationale du Droits des Assurances (International Association for Insurance Law)
AJCLAmerican Journal of Comparative Law (Berkely, Cal) also Am J also Am JCL
AJILAmerican Journal of International Law (Washington DC)
AKAndra kammaren (Lower House of the Swedish Parliament, before 1971) and Ankenævnet for forsikring (Insurance Board Denmark)
AKAVAConfederation of Unions for Academic Professionals in Finland
AktGAktiegesetz (German Act on limited companies)
ALAIAssociation Literaire et Artistique International (International IPR organisation)
ALIAmerican Law Institute (Philadelphia, Pa)
All ERAll England Law Reports
ALRAmerican Law Reports Anotated
Am JAmerican Journal of Comparative Law (Berkely, Cal) also AJCL also Am JCL
Am JCLAmerican Journal of Comparative Law (Berkely, Cal) also AJCL also Am J
AMAAllmän material- och arbetsbeskrivning (General description of materials and works)
AMBIArbejdsmarkedsbidrag (Danish company tax)
AMFArbetsmarknadsförsäkringar (Labour market insurances, Sweden also, until 2001, the name of a special company managed by the labour market organisations.)
AMUArbetsmarknadsutbildning (labour market training)
ARDomme fra Arbejdsretten (Decisions of the Danish Labour Court)
ARDDommer og kjennelser fra Arbeidsretten (Decisions of the Norwegian Labour Court)
Ariz L JArizona Law Review (Tuscon, Arizona)
ARNAllmänna reklamationsnämnden (National Board for Consumer Complaints, Sweden)
ARSPArchiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie (Bielefeld)
ASAksjeselskap (Limited liability company, Norway) also A/S
ASÍIcelandic Federation of Labour
ASILThe American Society of International Law (Washington DC)
ASLDanish Workmens Compensation Act
ASTAssurandør-Societetets Samling af domme, kendelser og responsa vedrørende forsikringsforhold (Danish insurance decisions 1914-1969)
ATCAir Traffic Control
AtlAtlantic Reporter (National Reporter System, U S)
Atl 2dAtlantic Reporter (National Reporter System, U S) Second Series
ATPCOAirline Tariff Publishing Company
ATRAustralian Tax Reports (supersedes Australasian TaxReports which supersedes Australian & N.Z. Income Tax Reports)
AUArbetsmarknadsutskottets utlåtande/betänkande/yttrande (Report by the Swedish Parliamentary Standing Committee on labour market matters)
AuflAuflage (edition)
Austr L JThe Australian Law Journal (North Ryde)
AVLKLag om avtalsvillkor i konsumentförhållanden 1994:1512 (Consumer Contracts Act, Sweden)
AvtLLag om avtal och andra rättshandlingar på förmögenhetsrättens område 1915:218 (Contracts Act, Sweden)
AWBAussenwirtschaftsdienst des Betriebs-Beraters also AWD
AWDAussenwirtschaftsdienst des Betriebs-Beraters also AWB
AYavoin yhtiö (Finnish general partnership)
BABritish Airways
BAGBundesarbeitsgericht (German Labour Court)
BBBbefore breaking bulk (Shipping term)
BBSASwedish Act on Responsibility for Electronic Bulletin Boards 1998:112
BCBefore Christ
BDBankforeningens domssamling (Norway)
BdBand (Volume)
BECTUBroadcasting Entertainment Cinematograph and Theatre Union (UK)
BetBetænkning (Report of Danish legislative or investigative commission)
BGBundesgericht (Swiss Supreme Court)
BGBBurgerliches Gesetzbuch (German Civil Code)
BGEEntscheidungen des schweizerischen Bundesgerichts, Amtliche Sammlung (Swiss BG Decisions)
BGHBundesgerichtshof (German Supreme Court)
BGHZ(bghz)Entscheidungen des Bundesgerichtshofs in Zivilsachen (Official Digest of Decisions of the German Federal Court in Civil Actions) also BGZ
BGZEntscheidungen des Bundesgerichtshofs in Zivilsachen (Decisions of the German Federal Court in Civil Actions) also BGHZ (bghz)
BHMIcelandic Confederation of Academic Workers
BIMCOBaltic and International Maritime Council
BingBingham, English Common Pleas
BKKBuilding Contracts Committee
BmcirkBoligministeriets cirkulære (Instruction from the Danish Housing Ministry)
BMWBayerische Motoren Werke (Bavarian Motor Works)
BONUSBild Ord Not Upphovsrättslig Samorganisation (Copyright organisation, Sweden)
BoUBostadsutskottets utlåtande (Report by the Swedish Parliamentary Standing Committee on housing)
BRÅBrottsförebyggande rådet (The National Council for Crime Prevention, Sweden)
BrBBrottsbalken (the Swedish Criminal Code)
BRFBemannings- og Rekrutteringsbransjens Forening (Norwegian association of staffing and recruiting services)
BSRBIcelandic Confederation of Workers of the State and Communities
BUL RevBoston University Law Review
BurrBurrow, English King’s Bench Reports
Bus L JBusiness Law Journal
BVBesloten Vennootschap (Deutch equivalent to Ltd)
BWBurgerlijk wetboek (Dutch civil law) and Biological weapons
BYILBritish Yearbook of International Law
CACourt of Appeal and Copyright Act
CABCivil Aeronautics Board (US)
Cah dr eurCahiers de droit européen
CalCalifornia also Calif
Cal 2dCalifornia reports 2d series
Cal RptrCalifornia Reporter
CalAppCalifornia Appellate Reports
CalifCalifornia also Cal
Can B RevCanadian Bar Review (Ottawa) also Rev barr can
Can Bus LJCanadian Business Law Journal (Aurora)
Cass (civ req comm réunie)Cour de Cassation, Chambre civile des Requêtes, commerciale, réunie also Req
CBCommon Bench Reports, New Series (England 1856 – 1865)
CBLJCorporate and Business Law Journal
CBTCentral Tax Board
CCCode Civil (French) and Copyright Council
CCACircuit Court of Appeal
CCPCode of Civil Procedure
CCPACourt of Customs and Patents Appeals
CCPRInternational Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
CDMMCouncil of Europe, Steering Committee on the Mass Media
CDUDie Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands (German political party)
CEAOCommunauté économique de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS))
CECACommunauté Européenne du Charbon et de l’Acier (European Coal and Steel Community)
CEDAWConvention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women 1979
CEEPEuropean Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation
CENCapital export neutrality
CERDCommittee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
CESCRInternational Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
CfConfer (compare)
CFAThe Committee of Freedom of Association
CFCControlled Foreign Company
CFDICahier de Droit Fiscal International
CFICost, Freight, and Insurance and Court of First Instance
ChChancery Division, English Law Reports and Chapter
CIFCost, Insurance and Freight
CINCapital import neutrality
CIPFreight Carriage and Insurance Paid
CISGUN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
citcited as
CLBCopyright License Board
CLCConvention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage
CLJCambridge Law Journal
CLRCCriminal Law Revision Committee
CLSCritical Legal Studies
ClunetRevue générale de droit international public / Journal du droit international fondé par Eduoard Clunet
CMIComité Maritime International (Antwerpen)
CML RevCommon Market Law Review
CMLRCommon Market Law Reports
CMPCapacity Management Programme
CMRConvention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
CNNCable News Network
CNTAComptoir National Technique Agricole
CO ConventionCouncil of Europe Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Resulting from Activities Dangerous to the Environment 1993 (The Lugano Convention)
COFACEConfederation of Family Organizations in the EC
Comp LComparative Law
Conn L RevConnecticut Law Review (West Hartford, Connecticut)
CPSwedish Code on Parenthood also FB
CpCompare (Cf)
CPAFinnish Consumer Protection Act 38/78
CPJICour permanente de justice internationale (Permanent Court of International Justice 1921-1946, replaced by ICJ)
CPUSACommunist Party, USA
CRSComputerized reservation system
CSUChristlich-Sozialen Union (Geman political party)
CTCombined transport
CTBComprehensive Test Ban (for nuclear weapons)
CTBTComprehensive Test Ban Treaty
CWChemical weapons
CWCConvention on Chemical Weapons
DDalloz, Receuil périodique et critique de jurisprudence, de législation et de doctrine
D krDanish kroner (currency) also DEK also DKK
DADansk Arbejdsgiverforening (Danish employers’ confederation)
DavtLAftalelov 1986 (Contracts Act, Denmark)
DBDom i brottmål (Criminal judgement)
DBSDirect broadcasting satellites
DCDistrict of Columbia (US)
DCMADigital Millennium Copyright Act (US) also DMCA
DDRDeutsche Demokratische Republik
DEKDanish kroner (currency) also DKK also D kr
DEMGerman marks (currency) also DM
DFALLag 1986 om forsiktingsaftaler (Insurance Contracts Act, Denmark)
DGDirectorate General
DGVDirectorate General V (Employment, Industrial Relations & Social Affairs)
DIDansk Industri (Confederation of Danish Industries) and Datainspektionen (The Swedish Data Inspection Board)
Die AGDie Aktiengesellschaft (Cologne, Germany)
DirDirektiv (Terms of reference)
DJØFDanmarks Jurist- og Økonomforbund (The Association of Danish Lawyers and Economists)
DKKDanish kroner (currency) also DEK also D kr
DLChristian den Femtis Danske Lov (Danish law)
DLRDominion Law Reports (Canadian case summaries)
DMWest-German marks (currency) also DEM
DMCADigital Millennium Copyright Act also DCMA
DNDagens Nyheter (Swedish newspaper)
DNADeoxyribonucleic acid
DNBDen norske Bank
DocSorteringsdokument (Document to the Norwegian Parliament)
DOTDepartment of Transportation (US)
DRCDokumentations- og rådgivningscenteret om racediskrimination (Documentation and Advisory Centre on Race Discrimination, Denmark)
DsDepartementsserien (Official report series of the Ministries, Sweden)
DsADepartementsserien. Arbetsmarknadsdepartementet (Official report series of the Swedish Labour Market Ministry)
DsBDepartementsserien. Budgetdepartementet (Official report series of the Swedish Ministry of Budget) also DsBo
DsBoDepartementsserien. Budgetdepartementet (Official report series of the Swedish Ministry of Budget) also DsB
DsFDe samvirkende fagforbund (Association of co-operating unions, Denmark)
DsFiDepartementsserien. Finansdepartementet (Official report series of the Swedish Ministry of Finance)
DsInDepartementsserien Industridepartementet (Official report series of the Swedish Ministry of Industry)
DsJuDepartementsserien. Justitiedepartementet (Official report series of the Swedish Ministry of Justice)
DTDom i tvistemål (Civil law judgement)
DVDomstolsverket (National Courts Administration, Sweden)
e gexempli gratia (for example)
EACEast African Community
EAKÜEesti Autorikaitse Ühing (The Estonian Authors Protection Association)
EALLov om erstatningsansvar (Danish Act on Liability and Compensation)
EAÜEesti Autorite Ühing, (Estonian Authors Association)
ECEuropean Community
EC/EUEuropean Community/European Union
ECAFEUnited Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East
ECASEuropean Citizen Action Service
ECEEconomic Commission for Europe
ECHREuropean Court of Human Rights and Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms also EcoHR
ECJEuropean Court of Justice and Extended collective license
ECLAUnited Nations Economic Commission for Latin America
ECOFINConseil des ministres de l’Économie et des Finances
ECoHRCouncil of Europe Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms also ECHR
ECOSOCUnited Nations Economic and Social Council
ECREuropean Court Reporter
ECSCEuropean Coal and Steel Community
ECUEuropean Currency Unit
ededitor, edition, edited also edt
EDCALag om ersättning för miljöskador 737/94 (Finnish Environmental Damage Compensation Act)
EDNYEastern District of New York (US district Court)
edteditor, edition, edited also ed
EEAEuropean Economic Area and European Economic Agreement
EECEuropean Economic Community
EEC OJOfficial Journal of the European Communities (L-series, C-series and S-series) also EGT also OJ also OJEC
EECTEuropean Economic Community Treaty
EEIGsEuropean Economic Interest Groupings
EESEuropean Economic Space
EFEuropeiske Felleskap (EU)
EFTAEuropean Free Trade Association
EGEuropeiska gemenskapen (EU)
EGBGBEinführungsgesetz zum Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch
EGTEuropeiska Gemenskapernas officiella tidning, (Official Journal of the European Communities, L-series, C-series and S-series) also EEC OJ also OJ also OJEC
EHRREuropean Human Rights Reports (London)
EIPREuropean Intellectual Property Review (London)
EMLOEuropean Maritime Law Organisation
EMUEuropean Monetary Union
ENDCEighteen-Nation Disarmament Committee established by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1962
ENEAEuropean Nuclear Energy Agency
Eng RepEnglish Reports
ENIACElectronic Numerical Integrator and Computer
ENMODEnvironmental Modification Convention
ENT LREntertainment Law Review (London)
Envtl LEnvironmental Law (Portland, Oregon)
EO ombudsmanEqual Opportunity Ombudsman also Jämo (Sweden)
EPEuropean patent
EPAThe Swedish Environmental Protection Act 1969 also SEPA
EPCEuropean Patent Convention
EPCAEmployment Protection (Consolidation) Act 1978
EPLEuropean Public Law (Hull, UK)
EPOEuropean Patent Office
EPOREuropean Patent Office Reports
EREnglish reports
ERTAElliniki Radiophonia Tiléorassi AE
ERTOTjänstemannaförbundet för specialbranscher (Finnish union for employees in special bransches)
ESCOEstonian Shipping Company
ESTExpressed sequence tags (biotech term)
et alet alii/alia (and other people or things)
et seqet sequentia (and the following, e g sections or lines )
ETAEuskadi Ta Askatasuna (Bask Separatist Movement)
ETANEuropean Technology Assessment Network
ETSEuropean Treaty Series
ETUCEuropean Trade Union Confederation
ETUIEuropean Trade Union Institute
EUEuropean Union
EuGRZEuropäische Grundrechte-Zeitschrift (Kehl am Rhein)
EuLREuropean Law Review (London)
EUREuropean Union Currency Unit
EUROSTATStatistical Office of the European Commision
EUTEuropean Union Treaty also T-EU
EVLFinnish Business Income Tax Act
ExchExchequer Reports (England)
FFederal Reporter (US)
ffollowing page
F 2dFederal Reporter, Second Series (US)
F SuppFederal Supplement (US)
FAAFederal Aviation Administration (US)
FAEFuel air explosives (weapon term)
FALLag om försäkringsavtal 1927:77 (Insurance Contracts Act, Sweden)
FAOUnited Nations Food and Agriculture Organization
FBFöräldrabalken (Swedish Parental Code) also CP
FDFörsäkringsdomstolen (Swedish Supreme Insutance Court reports until 1978)
FDAFood and Drug Administration (US)
FDPFreien Demokratischen Partei (German Liberal Party)
FEDForsikrings- og Erstatlingsretlig Domssamling (Law reports, Denmark)
Fed CirFederal Circuit
FEFCFar Eastern Freight Conference
fffollowing pages
FFALLag om försäkringsavtal (132/1933) (Insurance Contracts Act, Finland)
FFCFinlands Fackförbunds Centralorganisation (Central Organization of Finnish Trade Unions) also SAK
FFRFörsäkringsjuridiska föreningens rättsfallssamling (Insurance Law Cases, Sweden)
FIATAInternational Federation of Freight Forwarders Association
FIMFinnish marks (currency) also FMK
FJFTTidskrift utgiven av Juridiska föreningen i Finland (Law Journal, Finland) also JFT
FKFörsta kammaren (Upper House of the Swedish Parliament, before 1971)
FLFörvaltningsprocesslagen (the Swedish Administration Act)
FMCFinnish Maritime Code (Sjölagen 674/94)
FMKFinnish marks (currency) also FIM
FMLLag om försäkringsmäklare 1989:508 (Insurance Brokers Act, Sweden)
FOFree Out (Shipping term)
FOBFree On Board (Shipping term) and Folketingets ombudsmands beretning (Danish Ombudsman reports)
FÖDFörsäkringsöverdomstolen (Swedish Supreme Insurance Court reports from 1978 and onwards)
FPLFörvaltningsprocesslagen 1971:291 (Swedish Administrative Court Procedure Act)
FRLFörsäkringsrörelselag 1982:713 (Insurance Business Act, Sweden)
FSACFinnish Supreme Administrative Court
F-skattSwedish Business Tax Certificate
FSNForsikringsskadenemnda (Insurance Board, Norway)
FSRForeningen af Statsautoriserede Revisorer (Association of Certified Public Accountants, Denmark)
FTFörvaltningsrättslig tidskrift (Administrative Law Journal) and Försäkringstidningen (Insurance journal) and Folketingstidende (Danish Parliamentary records)
FTFFunktionærernes og Tjenestemændenes Fællesråd (Central Confederation of Salaried Employees, Denmark)
FuRFilm und recht (German L J 1957-1985)
FVDForeningen af vikarbureauer i Danmark (Danish association of temporary work agencies)
Ga L RevGeorgia Law Review (Athens, Georgia)
GALGrupos Antiterroristas de Liberación (Spanish anti-terrorist liberation group)
GATSGeneral Agreement on Trade in Services
GATTGeneral Agreement for Tariffs and Trade
Gaz PalLa Gezette du Palais (Paris)
GDPGross Domestic Product
GDRGerman Democratic Republik
GDSGlobal Distribution System
GHGrowth hormones
GHTGöteborgs Handels- och Sjöfartstidning (Swedish newspaper)
GmbHGeshällschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (Limited liability company)
GNPGross National Product
GRURGewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht (German L J)
GRUR IntGewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht: Internationaler Teil (German L J)
GSMGlobal System for Mobile Communications
GTAGeneral Tax Act
GTARGeneral Tax Act Regulations
GYILGerman Yearbook of International Law
HHøjesteret (Danish Supreme Court)
h chonoris causa (honorary degree)
Hall esGovernment Bill to Parliament (Finland)
HAOHandelsanställdas organisation (Swedish Commerce Employers’ Association)
Harv Envrt L RevHarvard Environmental Law Review (Cambridge, Mass)
Harv J on LegisHarvard Law Review (Cambridge, Mass) also HLR
HBHandelsbalken (Generic term Swedish laws on commerce)
HDHögsta domstolen (the Swedish Supreme Court and the Finnish Supreme Court)
HEFinnish Government Bill
HGBHandelsgezetzbuch (German Commercial Code)
HIVHuman Immunodeficiency Virus
HKHandels- og Kontorfunktionærernes Forbund (Union of Commercial and Clerical Employees, Denmark)
HKDHong Kong dollars
HLHouse of Lords
HL DebHouse of Lords Debates
HLRThe Harvard Law Review (Cambridge, Mass) also Harv L Rev
HMSOHer Majesty’s Stationary Office
HRHouse Report
HrsgHerausgeber (Editor)
HRTHøjesteretstidende (Danish Supreme Court Journal)
HSBThe National Association of Tenants’ Savings and Building Societies (Sweden)
HSLHälso- och sjukvårdslag 1982:763 (Swedish Act concerning protection of health)
HSN ConventionInternational Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea
HTFHandelns Tjänstemannaförbund (The Salaried Employees’ Union Sweden)
HUGOHuman Genome Project
i ainter alia (among other things)
I Brim Breisgau
IAindependent action
IABIndustrial Arbitration Board
IACCInternational Anti-Corruption Conference
IAEAInternational Atomic Energy Agency
IASInternational Accounting Standards
IASCInternational Accounting Standards Committee
IATAInternational Air Transport Association
IBAInternational Bar Association
IBFDInternational Bureau of Fiscal Documentation
ICAIcelandic Insurance Contracts Act (No. 20, 1954) and Inter-American Convention on the Law Applicable to International Contracts, 1994
ICANNThe Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
ICAOInternational Civil Aviation Organization
ICCInternational Chamber of Commerce
ICERDInternational Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination 1965
ICIImperial Chemical Industries Plc
ICJInternational Court of Justice (The Hague)
ICLID-89The III International Conferene on Logica, Informatica, Diritto (Florence 1989)
ICLQInternational and Comparative Law Quarterly (London)
ICRCInternational Committee of the Red Cross
IdIdem (the same)
IFAInternational Fiscal Association
IFCWInternational Forum for Child Welfare
IFIMInstitutet för Immaterialrätt och Marknadsrätt (The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Commercial Law, Stockholm University)
IFRInstrument flight rules
IFUInstitutet för försäkringsutbildning (Swedish institute for education and training in the insurance field)
IGYInternational Geophysical Year
IHTAFinnish Inheritance Tax Act
IICInternational Review of Industrial Property and Copyright Law
IKRIcelandic kronor (currency) also ISK
IKVInternationale Kriminalistische Vereinigung (International Criminalistic Association)
ILSwedish Income Tax Act ( Inkomstskattelag 1999:1229)
ILAInternational Law Association
ILCSIllinois Compiled Statutes
ILJThe Industrial Law Journal (Oxford) also Ind L J
ILMInternational Legal Materials (Washington DC)
ILOInternational Labour Organisation also OIT
ILQInternational Law Quarterly (London, continued by ICLQ)
IMCOIntergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization
IMOInternational Maritime Organization
INASTIInstitut National d´Assurances Sociales pour Travailleurs Indépendants
IncotermsInternational Commercial Terms
Ind L JThe Industrial Law Journal (Oxford) also ILJ
INIKOMUnited Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission
InnstInnstilling (Norwegian Parliamentary Standing Committee report)
Innst OInstilling til Odelstinget (Report to Odelstinget, part of the Norwegian parliament)
Innst SInstilling til Stortinget (Report to Stortinget, the Norwegian parliament)
Int Encycl Comp LInternational Encyclopedia of Comparative Law (Tubingen)
Int’l Rev L & EconInternational Review of Law and Economics (Guildford, England)
INTERGUInternationale Gesellschaft für Urheberrecht (International Copyright Society)
InUInrikesutskottets utlåtande (Report by the Swedish Parliamentary Standing Committee on matters of the Interior)
IOIRInstitutet för offentlig och internationell rätt (The Stockholm Institute of Public and International Law)
IOPCInternational Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage
IOSCOInternational Organization of Securities Commission
IPIntellectual Property
IPFIInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry
IPRIntellectual Property Rights
IPRAXPraxis des Internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts (German L J)
IPRsprDie deutsche Rechtsprechung auf dem Gebiete des internationalen Privatrechts (1926-1934); Sammlung der deutschen Entscheidungen zum internationalen Privatrecht (1945). Beilage der RabelZ (German L J)
IRCUnited States Internal Revenue Code
IRIInstitutet för Rättsinformatik (The Swedish Law and Informatics Research Institute, Stockholm University)
IROInternational Refugee Organization
Is L RIsrael Law Review (Jerusalem)
ISBNInternational Standard Book Number
ISDCouncil Directive 93/22 on Investment Services in the Securities Field
ISKIcelandic kronor (currency) also IKR
ISPInternet Service Provider
ISSNInternational Standard Serial Number
ITInformation Technology
ITPIndustrins och handelns tilläggspension (Negotiated pension system for certain groups of employees, Sweden)
ITUInternational Telecommunications Union
IUIIndustriens Utredningsinstitut (The Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Stockholm)
IUTInternational Union of Tenants
IWLInstitute warranties limits
IZRsprDie deutsche Rechtsprechung auf dem Gebiete des interzonalen Rechts. Beilage der RabelZ (German L J)
JJuristen (Legal Journal, Denmark)
J Contemp LJournal of Contemporary Law (Salt Lake City, Utah)
J L & EconThe Journal of Law and Economics (Chicago) also JLE
J Legal StudiesJournal of Legal Studies (Chigaco)
J Pol EconJournal of Political Economy (Chicago)
JAGJThe Jag Journal: The Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Navy (Washington DC)
JämOJämställdhetsombudsmannen (The Swedish Equal Opportunities Ombudsman) also EO Ombudsman
JBJordabalken (The Land Book of the Swedish Code of 1734)
JBLJournal of Business Law
JCPJuris Classeur Périodique, La Semaine Juridique (Paris)
JDJuristens domssamling (Danish Case Report (1936-1958)
JFTTidskrift utgiven av Juridiska föreningen i Finland (Law Journal, Finland) also JFT
JKJustitiekanslern (The Finnish Chancellor of Justice and The Swedish Chancellor of Justice) and Justitiekanslerns Berättelser (Decisions of the Finnish Justitiekansler) and Justitikanslerns Beslut (Decisions of the Swedish Justitiekansler)
JLEThe Journal of Law and Economics (Chicago) also J L & Econ
JLPThe Journal of Legal Pluralism (Los Angeles, Cal)
JnrUttalelser fra Justisdepartementets lovavdeling (Statements of the Norwegian Ministry of Justice, Law Department)
JOJustitieombudsmannen (The Swedish Parliamentary Ombudsman for the Judicary and Civil Administration and The Finnish Parliamentary Ombudsman) and The Finnish Parliamentary Ombudsman’s Reports
JTJuridisk tidskrift vid Stockholms universitet (Stockholm University Law Review)
JUJuridisk Ugeskrift (Danish L J)
Jur kandJuris kandidat (Swedish law exam, equivalent to Master of laws.)
JuSJuristische Samlung, Zeitschrift für Studium und Ausbildung (München and Frankfurt am Main)
JVJussens Venner (L J Norway)
JWJuristische Wochenschrift (German L J)
JWTLJournal of World Trade Law
JZJuristen-Zeitung (Tubingen)
KBKing’s Bench Division. English Law Reports and Finnish Governmental Reports and Kommittébetänkande (Committee report) also Kom bet
KFLKonsumentförsäkringslag 1980:38 (Consumer Insurance Act, Sweden)
KHOKorkeimman hallinto-oikeuden vuosikirja (Reports of the Finnish Supreme Administrative Court)
KLKommunalskattelagen (Swedish Municipal Income Tax Act 1928:370)
KLMKoninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij (Royal Dutch Airlines)
KMSeries of Finnish Governmental Reports
Kom betKommittebetänkande (Committee report) also KB
KUKonstitutionsutskottet (Standing Committee on Constitutional Matters of the Swedish Parliament) and Kirke- og undervisningsdepartementet (Ministry of Church and Education, Norway)
Kungl PropKunglig proposition (Royal Government Bill, Sweden)
KYkommandiittiyhtiö (Finnish limited partnership)
l cloco citato (in the place cited) also loc cit
L EdLawyer’s Edition, United Stats Supreme Court Reports
L RevLaw Review also L R
L/CLetter of Credit
La L RevLouisiana Law Review (Baton Rouge, Louisiana)
LAGLandesarbeitsgericht (German Labour Court)
LähdeVLFinnish Act on Taxation of Income and Capital of Persons Subject of Limited Tax Liability
LARDDommer og kjennelser av lokale arbeidsretter (Decisions of local labour courts, Norway)
LASLagen om anställningsskydd 1982:80 (Swedish Act on Employment Protection)
Law & Contemp ProbsLaw and Contemporary Problems (Durham, North Carolina)
Law & PhilLaw and Philosophy. An International Journal for Jurisprudence and Legal Philosophy (Dordrecht)
LdReports of the Finnish Diet
LFFrench Copyright Act
LGLandesgericht (District Court, Germany)
LIFFELondon International Financial Futures Exchange
LJLaw Journal
LJ ChLaw Journal Reports – Chancery (England)
LL DDoctor of Laws
Ll L RepLloyds List Law Reports (England)
LL MMaster of Laws
Lloyd’s RepLloyd’s Law Reports (England)
LNTSLeague of Nations Treaty Series
LOLandsorganisationen Danmark (The Danish Confederation of Trade Unions) and Landsorganisationen i Norge (The Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions) and Landsorganisationen i Sverige (the Swedish Trade Union Confederation)
loc citloco citato (in the place cited)
LoRLov og Rett (L J, Norway)
LQRLaw Quarterly Review (London)
LRLaw Review also L Rev
LR 2 CPEnglish Law Reports, Common Pleas Cases 1865-75 Vol no 2
LR ChEnglish Law Reports, Chancery Appeal Cases 1866-1875
LRTAPConvention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
LTRLaw Times Reports
LULagutskottet (Swedish Parliament Standing Committee on Matters of Law) also used as abbreviation for Report of LU
LvKLaw Drafting Commission reports
LVULag med särskilda bestämmelser om vård av unga 1990:52 (Swedish Act containing Special Provisions on the Care of Young Persons)
M & WMeeson & Welsby (a part of English Reports, London)
M flMed flera, (and others)
m mmedflera (etc)
m vmed videre (etc)
M/VMotor Vessel
MARPOLConvention on the Prevention of Maritime Pollution from Ships
MassMass (Reports)
MBLMedbestämmandelagen 1976:580 (Swedish Act on the Joint Regulation of Working Life)
MCMaritime Code
MDMarknadsdomstolens domar (Decisions of the Swedish Market Court)
Md L RevMaryland Law Review
MDRMonatschrift fur deutsches Recht (German L J)
Melb U L RevMelbourne University Law Review (Parkville, Victoria, Australia)
MenetelmäLFinish Act on Elimination of International Double Taxation
MFNmost favoured nation
MIAMarine Insurance Act 1906 (England)
Mich L RevMichigan Law Review (Ann Arbor, Michigan)
Minn L RevMinnesota Law Review (Minneapolis, Minnesota)
MITMassachusetts Institute of Technology
MLMomslag (Swedish VAT Act)
MLRModern Law Review (London)
Mo L RevMissouri Law Review (Columbia, Missouri)
MotMotion (Private bill)
MPMember of parliament
MRWmaterial remnants of war
MSSMultinational Space Station
MULTIDOCMultimodal Transport Bill of Lading
MvaLMerverdiavgiftslag (Norway)
MVL ActMotor Vehicle Liability Act (Norway)
N&TNordström & Thulin (Swedish shipping company)
NADNorsk arbeidsrettslig domssamling (Norwegian Labour Court Report)
NAFNorsk Arbeidsgiverforening (Norwegian employers confederation)
NÄLNordiska rådets ämbetsmannakommittén för lagstiftningssamarbete (Nordic Committee of Senior Officials for Legislative Issues)
NATNordisk administrativt tidskrift (Scandinavian Administrative Journal)
NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organization
NavtLLov 1918 om avslutning av avtaler, om fuldmagt og om ugyldige viljeserklæringer (Contracts Act, Norway)
NBNota bene (Take special notice that, note well)
NBCNuclear, biological, chemical (Weapons)
NBERNational Bureau of Economic Research
NCAThe Swedish Nature Conservation Act 1964
NCHLondon based organisation for the support of children (Formerly The National Children’s Home)
NDNordiske domme i sjøfartsanliggender (Scandinavian maritime law decisions) also NDS
NDANya Dagligt Allehanda (Swedish newspaper 1900-1944)
NDSNordiske domme i søfartsanliggender (Scandinavian maritime law decisions) also ND
NENortheastern Reporter (National Reporter System, U S)
NE 2dNortheaster Reporter (National Reporter System, U S) Second Series
NEKNorwegian kroner (currency) also NOK
NESSNecessary Element of a Sufficient Set
NewCoNew company
NF 92Norsk fabrikasjonskontrakt (Standard Contract for the Supply of Major Components to the Norwegian Continental Shelf)
NFALLov om forsikringsavtaler 1989 (Insurance Contracts Act, Norway) also Lov 1930
NFJFPNorsk Forsikringsjuridisk Forenings Publikasjoner (Publications of the Norwegian Insurance Law Association)
NFTNordisk försäkringstidskrift (Scandinavian insurance journal)
NGONon-Governmental Organization
NHONæringslivets Hovedorganisasjon (Confederation of Norwegian Business and Industry)
NIAStatens nämnd för internationella adoptionsfrågor (Swedish National Board for Intercountry Adoptions)
NIEOUnited Nations Declaration on a New International Economic Order (1974)
NIRNordiskt immateriellt rättsskydd (Scandianvian IPR Journal)
NJNeue Justiz (German law journal) and Skriftserien Ny Juridik (Swedish law journal)
NJANytt juridiskt arkiv, avdelning I (Supreme Court reports, Sweden)
NJA IINytt juridiskt arkiv, avdelning II (Collection of Swedish legislative preparatory works, travaux préparatories)
NJMNordiska juristmötet (Yearly Congress for Scandinavian lawyers)
NJTNyt Juridisk Tidsskrift (Danish L J)
NJWNeue Juristische Wochenschrift (German L J Munchen, …)
NLAllmänna leveransbestämmelser för leveranser av maskiner samt annan mekanisk, elektrisk och elektronisk utrustning inom och mellan Danmark, Finland, Norge och Sverige (Scandinavian general conditions for the delivery of mechanical, electrical and electronical products)
NLRBNational Labor Relations Board (US)
NOKNorwegian kroner (currency) also NEK
NOUNorges offentlige utredningar (Official reports series of Norwegian legislative and investigations commissions)
NPONon Profit Organization
NRNorsk Retstidende (Norwegian L J) also NRt also Rt
nrnummer (number)
NRGRettens gang also RG
NRtNorsk Retstidende (Norwegian L J) also NR also Rt
NSABNordiskt Speditörförbunds Allmänna bestämmelser (Nordic Freight Forwarding Association, General Conditions)
NSBNorges Statsbaner (Norwegian State Railways)
NSFCouncil of Nordic Trade Unions (NFS)
NSFSNordiska skattevetenskapliga forskningsrådets skrifter (The Nordic Council for Tax Research, Publication Series)
NTfIRNordisk Tidskrift for International Ret also NTIR (Scandinavian Journal for International Law
NTfKNordisk Tidskrift for Kriminalvidenskab (Scandianvian Journal for Criminology)
NTIRNordisk Tidskrift for International Ret also NtfIR (Scandinavian Journal for International Law)
NUNordisk utredningsserie (Official reports series of the Nordic Council/Nordic Council of Ministers)
NWNorth Western Reporter (National Reporter System, U S)
Nw UL RevNorthwestern University Law Review (Chicago)
NYNew York Court of Appeals Reports
NY CPLRNew York Civil Practice Law and Rules
NY SuppNew York Supplement Reports (National Reporter System, U S)
NY UL RevNew York University Law Review
NYFALNy försäkringsavtalslag (Ds 1993:39, Sweden)
NYPE 93New York Produce Exchange form 1993
NZNew Zealand
NZ L JNew Zealand Law Journal (Wellington)
NZRL RevNew Zealand Recent Law Review (Auckland)
NZUL RevNew Zealand Universities Law Review (Wellington)
ØØstre Landsret (Danish Court of appeal)
OAGOberappellationsgericht (German Court of appeal) and Official Airline Guide
OAUOrganization of African Unity
OAU ConventionConvention Governing the Specific Aspects of the Refugee Problems in Africa, adopted by OAU 1969
OCAUNEP Oceans and Coastal Areas Unit
OECDOrganization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OGH Brit ZoneOberster Gerichtshof für die britische Zone
Ohio St LJOhio State Law Journal (Columbus, Ohio)
OITOrganizacion Internacional del Trabajo also ILO
OJOfficial Journal of the European Communities (L-series, C-series and S-series) also EGT also OJEC also EECOJ
OJECOfficial Journal of the European Communities (L-series, C-series and S-series) also EGT also OJ also EECOJ
OKOikeudenkäymiskaari (Finnish Code of Procedure)
ØLDØstre Landsrets Domme (Danish Court Decisions)
OLGOberlandesgericht (Regional Court of appeal, Germany)
OMStockholms optionsmarknad OM Fondkommission AB (Stockholm Options Exchange Company)
OMLXLondon Securities and Derivatives Exchange
ONPTSOffice National des Pensions pour Travailleurs Salariés
OOCOA Owner-occupied co-operative apartment
OODOwner-occupied dwellings
OOH Owner-Occupied houses
Op citopere citato (in the work quoted)
ORObligationenrecht (Obligation Law)
OSSOpen Source Software
Ot forhOdelstingsforhandlinger (Norwegian Parliamentary Protocol)
Ot prpOdelstingsproposisjon (Norwegian Government Bill)
PEnglish Law Reports, Probate Division
pPage, part
P 2dPacific reporter 2 d series
P&IProtection and Indemnity
PaPennsylvania (Reports)
PACPolitical Action Committees (USA)
PacPacific Reporter (National Reporter System, U S)
Pac 2dPacific Reporter (National Reporter System, U S) Second Series
PAYEPay as you earn (tax principle)
PAYGPay as you go (pension system)
PBLPlan- och bygglag 1987:10 (Swedish Planning and Building Act)
PDProbate Division (1875-90)
PECLPrinciples of European Contract Law
PenantRevue de droit des pays d’Afrique (Formerly Recueil général de jurisprudence, de doctrine et de législation coloniale Paris)
PFLPatients Insurance Act
Ph DDoctor of Philosophy
PILPrivate international law
PKProcesskommissionen (Swedish legislative committee on procedural law)
PLAIcelandic Products Liability Act 1991 (Lög um skadsemisábyrgd nr. 25/1991)
PLCPublic Limited Company
PPPartido Popular (Spanish political party)
PPWLAFinnish Act on Protection of Privacy in Working Life
PRIOInternational Peace Research Institute, Oslo
PropProposition (Swedish Government Bill)
PSOEPartido Socialista Obrero Español (Spanish Socialist Party)
PTBPartial Test Ban (for nuclear weapons)
PTBT1963 Partial Test Ban Treaty
PTKPrivattjänstemannakartellen (Swedish Federation of Salaried Employees in Industry and Services)
PTOPatent and Trademark Office
Pty LtdProprietary Limited Company (In Australia, New Zeeland and South Africa)
PVBALimited liability company (Belgium)
PVCpolyvinyl chloride
QBQueen’s Bench, (English law reports, 1891-)
QBDQueen’s Bench Division (English law reports, 1876-90)
QCQueen’s Counsel
RARiksarkivet (The Swedish National Archives)
Regeringsrättens årsbok (Yearbook of the Supreme Admistrative Court, Sweden)
RabelsZRabels Zeitschrift fur ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht (Tubingen) also ZAIPR also ZAUSL
RAGReichsarbeitsgericht (German Supreme Labour Court)
RAGEEntscheidungen des Reichsarbeitsgerichtes (Decisions of RAG)
RBRättegångsbalken (the Swedish Code of Judicial Procedure)
RdAsiakirja (documents) Finland’s Parliament
RdARecht der Arbeit (German Labour Law Journal)
RDC1965 UN Race Discrimination Convention
RecRecueil de la Jurisprudence de la Cour de Justice des Communautés Européennes
RecuielRecueil des cours de l’Académie de droit international de la Haye
RegRRegeringsrätten (the Swedish Supreme Administrative Court)
ReqCour de Cassation, Chambre civile des Requêtes, commerciale, réunie also Cass
RestatementRestatement of the Law of Conflic ot Laws, as adopted and promulgated by The American Law Institute at Washington, 1934
Restatement SecondRestatement of the Law, Second, Conflict of Laws
RET Real Estate Tax
Rev barr canLa Revue du Barreau Canadien (Ottawa) also Can B Rev
Rev critRevue critique de droit international privé (French LJ) also Revue also Rev crit d i p
Rev crit d i pRevue critique de droit international privé (French LJ) also Revue also Rev crit
Rev intern dr compRevue Internationale de Droit Comparé (Paris) also RIDC
Rev trim dr civRevue trimestrielle de droit civil (French LJ)
RevueRevue critique de droit international privé (French LJ) also Rev crit also Rev crit d i p
RFRegeringsformen (The Constitution Act / The Instrument of Government, Sweden)
RFFSRiksförsäkringsverkets författningssamling (Official Publication of the National Social Insurance Board, Sweden)
RGRettens gang also NRG also RsG and Reichsgericht
RGARevue Générale de l’Air
RGATRevue générale des assurances terrestres (Paris)
RGDRevue générale de droit (Ottawa)
RGZEntscheidungen des Reichsgerichts in Zivilsachen (Official Digest of Decisions of the Reichsgericht in civil law)
RHRättsfall från hovrätterna (Case Reports, Swedish Courts of appeal)
RIDARevue Internationale du Droit d’ Auteur (French LJ)
RIDCRevue Internationale de Droit Comparé (Paris) also Rev intern dr comp
Riv Dir EurRivista di Diritto Europeo
RIW/ADWRecht der internationalen Wirtschaft/Aussenwirtschaftsdienst des Betriebs-Beraters
RMRiksadvokatens meddelsesblad (Norway 1945-54) and German Reichsmark
RMCRevue du Marché Commun (Paris)
RPRegeringsproposition (Governmental Bill, Finland)
RPCReversed phase chromatography (biotech tool)
RPD & TM CasReports of Patent, Design and Trade Mark Cases
RPMResale price maintenance
RsGRettens gang (Norwegian L J also NRG also RG
RSVRiksskatteverket (Swedish National Tax Board)
RSV/FBRiksskatteverket förhandsbesked (Swedish National Tax Board, advance notice (decision))
RtNorsk Retstidende (Norwegian L J) also NT also NRt
RTAIcelandic Road Traffic Act 1987 (Umferdarlög nr 50/1987)
SSirey, Recueil général des lois et des arrêts (Paris) also Sirey
S CtSupreme Court Reporter (National Reporter System, U S)
SASpanish abbreviation for company equivalent of inc
SABOSveriges allmännyttiga bostadsföretag (Swedish Public Utility Housing Enterprises)
SACFinnish Supreme Administrative Court
SACOSveriges akademikers centralorganisation (Central Organization of Swedish University Graduates)
SAFSvenska arbetsgivareföreningen (Swedish Employers’ Confederation)
SAKFinlands Fackförbunds Centralorganisation (Central Organization of Finnish Trade Unions) also FFC
SAPSocialdemokratiska arbetarpartiet (Swedish Social Democratic Workers Party)
SAPOSocialdemokratiska Arbetsplatsorganisationen (Social Democratic Party Work Place Organization)
SARISamarbetsorganet för rättsväsendets informationssystem (The Joint Committee of the Judicial Information System, Sweden)
SASScandinavian Airlines System
SavZZeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung (German L J)
SAXStockholm Automated Exchange (Stock Exchange system)
SBDThe Second Banking Directive 89/646/EEC
Sc St LScandinavian Studies in Law
SCABSparbankernas Central-Aktie-Bank (Finland)
SCBStatistiska Centralbyrån (Statistics, Sweden)
SDRSpecial Drawing Right (currency)
SESoutheastern Reporter (National Reporter System, U S) and Council Regulation (EC) No 2157/2001 of 8 October 2001 on the Statute for a European Company and Sweden
SE 2dSoutheastern Reporter (National Reporter System, U S) Second Series
SEAQ InternationalLondon Stock Exchange’s International Equity Market
SEKSwedish kronor (currency) also Skr
SEMSound and efficient financial management
SEPAThe Swedish Environmental Protection Act 1969 also EPA
SeuffertSeufferts Archiv für Entscheidungen der obersten Gerichte in den deutschen Staaten
SFSSvensk författningssamling (Official Publication of Swedish Statutes and Ordinanaces)
SfUSocialförsäkringsutskottet (Swedish Parliament’s standing committee on matters of social insurance)
SGAFinnish Sale of Goods Act 355/87 and Norwegian Sale of Goods Act 13 May. No. 27, 1988 and Swedish sale and purchase act 1990:931
SHAFinnish Sale of Housing Act 843/94
SHTSø- og Handelsrets tidende (Danish)
SiDSpecialarbejderforbundet i Danmark (Danish union)
SIFSvenska industritjänstemannaförbundet (the Swedish Association of White-Collar Employees in Industry)
SILSwedish State Income Tax Act 1947:576 (earlier 1928:373)
SIMSubscriber Identity Module
SIPRISwedish International Peace Research Institute
SireySirey, Recueil général des lois et des arrêts (Paris) also S
SISLStockholm Institute for Scandinavian Law
SITCSwedish Income Tax Code
SJStatens Järnvägar (Swedish railroad company)
SJZSchweizerisches Juristen-Zeitung
SkFLSkadeförsäkringslag (SOU 1989:88, Sweden)
Skr Swedish kronor also SEK
SkVNSkadeförsäkringens villkorsnämnd (Insurance board, Sweden)
SLBStrafflagberedningen (Swedish legislative committee on penal law)
SMBASelskab med begrænset ansvar (Company with limited liability, Denmark)
SMCScandinavian Maritime Codes and Swedish Maritime Code
SNSkattenytt (Swedish tax law journal) and Svenskt näringsliv (Confederation of Swedish Enterprise)
SNSStudieförbundet näringsliv samhälle (Swedish educational organisation)
SoSouthern Reporter (National Reporter System, U S)
Sverige överenskommelser med främmande makter (Official publication series of Swedish Agreements with Foreign Powers)
So 2dSouthern Reporter (National Reporter System, U S) Second Series
Soc-DemSocial-Demokraten (Swedish Newspaper)
SøHaSø- og handelsretten (The Maritime and Commercial Court of Copenhagen)
SoLSocialtjänstlag (Swedish Act on Social Services)
SOLASConvention for the Safety of Human Life at Sea
SOUStatens offentliga utredningar (Official reports series of Swedish legislative and investigations commissions)
SPDSozialdemokratische Partei Deutschland (German Social Democratic Party)
SPURSvenska Personaluthyrnings- och Rekryteringsförbundet (The Swedish Association of Temporary Work Businesses and Staffing Services)
SR-bankSparebanken Rogaland
SSG 96General Contract Terms of the Forest Industries Association for the Supply and Installation of Equipment 1996
SSTSvenske skattetidning (Swedish tax law journal)
STCSimon’s Tax Cases (LR England)
St forhStortingsforhandlinger (Norwegian Parliamentary Protocol)
St prpStortingsproposisjon (Norwegian Government Bill)
StGBStrafgesetzbuch (German Penal Code)
STKConfederation of Finnish Employers
StrpLLov om rettergangsmåten i straffesaker (Norwegian Act relating to Legal Procedure in Criminal Cases / The Criminal Procedure Act)
STTKFinnish Confederation of Salaried Employees
SUSkat Udland (Danish tax journal) and Stockholm University
SvDSvenska Dagbladet (Swedish newspaper)
SvJTSvensk juristtidning (Swedish law journal)
SvJT rfSvensk juristtidning rättsfall (SvJT section case reports)
SWSouthwestern Reporter (National Reporter System, U S)
SW 2dSouthwestern Reporter (National Reporter System, U S) Second Series
TTvistemål (Civil Case)
TAATrans-Atlantic Agreement
TACATrans-Atlantic Conference Agreement
TBATechnical Board of Appeal
TCOTjänstemännens centralorganisation (The Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees)
TDAIcelandic Tort Damages Act 1993 (Skadabótalög nr. 50/1993)
T-EUTreaty on European Union also EUT
Tex L RevTexas Law Review (St Austin, Texas)
TFTryckfrihetsförordningen (the Swedish Freedom of the Press Act)
TFATrygghetsförsäkringen (Social insurance, Sweden)
TfRTidskrift for Rettsvitenskap (Scandinavian law journal)
TfSTidskrift for Skatteret (Danish tax law journal 1984-1993)
TINTaxpayer Identification Number
TLASwedish Tort Liability Act, 1972
TLRTimes Law Reports
TLRCTax Law Review Committee
TOOD Taxation of Owner-occupied Dwellings
TPDTechnological protection devices
Trib civTribunal civil
TRIPTrade Related Intellectual Property Rights
TSATidskrift för Sveriges Advokatsamfund (Swedish Bar Association Journal)
TTTyötuomioistuin (Decisions of the Finnish Labour Court) and Confederation of Finnish Industry and Employers and Tidningarnas telegrambyrå (Swedish News Agency)
Tul L RevTulane Law Review (New Orleans)
Tul M LJTulane Maritime Law Journal
TÜVTechnischer Überwachungsverein (Technical Control Board for compulsory inspection of motor vehicles, industrial plants and technical equipment, Germany)
TVLFinnish Income Tax Act
TvmLLov om rettergangsmåten for tvistemål (Norwegian Act relating to judicial procedure in civil cases /The Dispute Act)
TWATrans World Airlines
uupplaga (Edition)
UUgeskrift for Retsvæsen (Danish law reports) also UfR
U Chi L RevUniversity of Chicago Law Review
U Miami L RevUniversity of Miami Law Review (Coral Gables, Miami)
U Pa L RevUniversity of Pennsylvania Law Review (Philadelphia)
U Tas L RevUniversity of Tasmania Law Review (Hobart, Tasmania, Australia)
U Toron LJUniversity of Toronto Law Journal also UTLJ
U Toronto Fac L RevUniversity of Toronto Faculty of Law Review
UBUtsökningsbalken (The book of the Debt Recovery of the Swedish Code)
UCCUniform Commercial Code and Universal Copyright Convention
UCCLJUniform Commercial Code Law Journal
UCDL RevU C Davis Law Review (Chicago)
UCITSUndertakings for Collective Investment in Transferrable Securities
UCLAFUnité de Co-ordination de la Lutte Anti-Fraude
UCPUniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits
UDEACUnion douanière et économique de l’Afrique centrale (Economic Customs Union of Central Africa)
UdgUdgåva (edition) also utg
UDRPUniform dispute resolution process
UEAPMEUnion Européenne de l’artisanat et des petites et moyennes entreprises (European Association of Craft, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises)
UFITAArchiv für Urheber- Film und Theaterrecht (Swiss IPR Journal)
UfRUgeskrift for Retsvæsen, Afdelning A (Danish law reports) also U
UfRBUgeskrift for Retsvæsen, Afdelning B (Danish law review) also UfR
UHÄUniversitets och högskoleämbetet (The National Board for the Universities, Sweden)
UKUnited Kingdom
UL RevUniversity Law Review
ULISUniform Law on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods of 1964
UMKC L RevUniversity of Missouri-Kansas City Law Review
UNUnited Nations
UNCEDUnited Nations Conference on the Environment and Development
UNCITRALUnited Nations Commission on International Trade Law
UNCLOSUnited Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea
UNCTADUnited Nations Conference for Trade and Development
UNEPUnited Nations Environment Programme
UNESCOUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation
UNGESAMPUnited Nations Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Pollution
UNHCRUnited Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
UNICEUnion of Industrial and Employers’ Confederations of Europe
UNIDROITInternational Institute for the Unification of Private Law
UNIFEMUnited Nations Development Fund for Women
UNITARUnited Nations Institute for Training and Research
Univ of Cal Davis L RUniversity of California Davis Law Review
UNRIAAUN Reports of International Arbitral Awards
UNRRAUnited Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration
UNSCEARUN Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation
UNSCOMUnited Nations Special Commission
UNTSUnited Nations Treaty Series
URGGerman Copyright Act
URLUpphovsrättslagen 1960:529 (Swedish Copyright Act)
USUnited States
USAvRUnited States (& Canada) Aviation Reports
USCAUnited States copyright Act
USDUS dollars
USDC (SDNY)United States Distric Court: Southern district of New York
USPTOUnited States Patent and Trademark Office
USSRUnion of Soviet Socialist Republics
UtgUtgåva (edition) also udg
UtLUtlänningslagen (Swedish Aliens Act)
UTLJUniversity of Toronto Law Journal also U Toron LJ
UW Ont L RevUniversity of Western Ontario Law Review (Ontario)
UWGGesetz gegen den unlauteren Wettbewerb (German Act on Unfair Competition)
VVestre Landsret (Danish Court of appeal)
Va L RevVirginia Law Review (Charlottesville)
VAAPSoviet all-Union Copyright Agency
Val U L RevValparaiso University Law Review (Valparaiso, Indiana)
Van L RevVanderbilt Law Review (Nashville, Tennessee)
VATValue-added tax
VCRvideo cassette recorder
VersRVersicherungsrecht: Juristische Rundschau fur die Individualversicherung (Karlsruhe)
VLVestre landsret (Danish Court of appeal)
VLTVestre landsrets tidende (Danish Court of appeal reports)
VpSession of the Paliament (Finland)
VPCVärdepapperscentralen (The Swedish Securities Register Centre)
VSÍIcelandic Confederation of Employers
VTMFlemish TV station
VVGGesetz über den Versicherungsvertrag 1908 (Germany)
WAThe Swedish Water Act
WarnDie Rechtssprechung des Reichsgerichts auf dem Gebiete des Zivilrechts, Published by O Warneyer also Warneyer
WarneyerDie Rechtssprechung des Reichsgerichts auf dem Gebiete des Zivilrechts, Published by O Warneyer also Warn
WCTWorld Intellectual Property Copyright Treaty
WEGGesetz über das Wohnungseigentum und das Dauerwohnrecht (Wohnungseigentumsgesetz) 1951
WEUWestern Europe Union
WHOWorld Health Organization
WIPOWorld Intellectual Property Organization
WLRWeekly Law Reports
WMDWeapons of mass-destruction
WMOWorld Meteorological Organization
WPPTWIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
WSOYWerner Söderström publishing group (Book publisher, Finland)
WTCWIPO Treaty on Copyright
WTOWorld Trade Organisation
WWIThe first world war 1914-1918
WWIIThe second world war 1939-1945
WWWWorld Wide Web
Yale L JYale Law Journal (New Haven, Connecticut)
YBILCYearbook of the International Law Commission
YGLYttrandefrihetsgrundlagen (Part of the Swedish constitution regulating freedom of expression)
YSYrkesorganisasjonenes Sentralforbund (Confederation of Vocational Unions, Norway)
ZAIPRRabels Zeitschrift für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht (Tubingen) also RabelsZ also ZAUSL
ZAUSLZeitschrift für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht (Tübingen) also RabelZ also ZAIPR
ZfdgesHZeitschrift für das gesamte Handelsrecht (German L J) followed by ZHR
ZfLWZeitschrift für Luftrecht und Weltraumsrecht (Köln)
ZfRVZeitschrift für Rechtsvergleichung (Wien)
ZfVZeitschrift für Verbraucherpolitik (Journal of Consumer Policy)
ZGBSchweizerisches Zivilgesetzbuch (Swiss Civil Code)
ZHRZeitschrift für das gesamte Handelsrecht und Wirtschaftsrecht (Heidelberg) formerly ZfdgesH
ZIPZeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht (German L J)
ZIRNiemeyers Zeitschrift für internationales Rechts
ZPOZivilprozessordung (German Code of Civil Procedure)
ZRPZeitschrift fur Rechtspolitik (München)
ZSRZeitschrift für Schweizerisches Recht (Basel)